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Emancipation Jubilee ~ 150th Anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation ~ 1865 Project
by khubaka, michael harris (blackagriculture [at]
Saturday Sep 21st, 2013 2:56 PM
The Crocker Art Museum unique presentation of Emancipating the Past: Kara Walker's Tales of Slavery and Power continues the journey of the 1865 Project to explore the authentic legacy of Slavery in California and the ongoing journey towards equity and equal opportunity. On the 2013 Autumnal Equinox, Anniversary of the announcement of President Abraham Lincoln's Preliminary Executive Order ~ The Emancipation Proclamation, a community program showcases our ongoing intercultural, interfaith and intergenerational methodology to examine our journey towards freedom ~ 1865 Project ( 1840 - 1865 ) Slavery in California.
September 9, 1850 ~ California Statehood
September 18, 1850 ~ Fugitive Slave Act Passed

In 1857, the US Supreme Court ruled, slave or free the Black man has no rights the White man is bound to respect...

According to the 1860 census, San Francisco and Sacramento counties contained almost one third of California’s African American population, yet fewer than 500 African Americans lived in Sacramento at this time.

One will not find the voices or opinions of the African American community represented in either of Sacramento’s daily newspapers. The newspapers’ coverage of emancipation centered on its impact upon the war, not about the individual men and women affected. “Colored residents” are mentioned; newspapers reported that the colored residents celebrated emancipation, a colored military company was organized in San Francisco, but these residents were never identified by name.

An African American newspaper, The Pacific Appeal, began publication in San Francisco in 1862.

Articles in the Pacific Appeal offer a glimpse into the reactions of California’s African American community to the government’s evolvi
ng policy toward emancipation during the Civil War. The Pacific Appeal’s editors made the connection between Union victory and emancipation months before the Sacramento Bee. On May 10, 1862, they wrote, “...the war will not fail a space, until Victory and
Emancipation become synonymous.”

Reacting to the news of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, the Pacific Appeal commented that the proclamation, “...will help immediately in crushing the rebellion, and saving the Union, and put the nation immeasurably forward.”

Declaring 1863 the “Year of Jubilee,” the Pacific Appeal asserted, “Today the Government has washed its hands clean of the stains of slavery in the States and parts of States that are in rebellion. America, henceforth, looms up with grandeur. She has burst the bonds that have bound her.”

The editors argued that the institution of slavery had confined not only the individuals enslaved, but also America as a nation. Ridding the Union of slavery would allow America to reclaim her exceptional position among the nations of the world.

Historians now agree that slavery was a primary cause of the war. Emancipation, however, was not a primary goal of most of the loyal white citizens when the war began. Preserving the union and maintaining a democratic republic were the reasons most Union men gave for fighting in 1861.

In the fall of that year, the Sacramento Union noted that abolitionists who anticipated the end of slavery “as one of the consequences of
this rebellion...are doomed to disappointment.”

There was considerable public debate about the United States’ policy toward slaves as Union commanders moved into Confederate territory and slaves left their masters for the safety of Union lines. Questions of constitutionality and the original goals of the war were overridden by the immediate question of what the government’s policy should be toward these individuals christened “contrabands” of war by Union General Benjamin Butler. As the war progressed, Unionists began to see emancipation as both of a tool for winning the war and a necessary step in ensuring the future survival of the Union. The evolution in Unionists’ thinking regarding emancipation can be traced through the newspapers’ coverage of slavery, emancipation, and the enrollment of African American soldiers in the Union Army.

California Colored US Troops in the Civil War remains an open secret and recognition, honor and contribution awaits our work, The 1865 Project... seen.
§1865 Project ~ Slavery in California
by khubaka, michael harris Saturday Sep 21st, 2013 2:56 PM

Comments  (Hide Comments)

by Unity Jack for Mother Earth
Wednesday Sep 25th, 2013 11:53 AM
Government for by and of the people necessarily must include the equal electing of women because they have been proven to be PEOPLE. To exclude the better half from natures 50-50 electing process is a denial of full democracy of our specie. Lincoln's second term was for implementing a program that would solve the discrimination against women by allowing in law the equal voting and electing of them as part of restoring a governance for, by, and of the people. That got him killed by Booth a slaveholder from the Southern Aristocracy.

Then the incorrect appointing of Heyes to the presidency by the non-elected Supreme Court of America (controlled by the Southern Aristocracy) brought him into power, instead of the Reconstruction opponent who achieved a majority vote of the American People.

Heyes then proceeded to cancel the union army occupation of the South and their programs of reconstruction (liberation from chattel slavery) and any programs of reparations (liberation) that Lincoln had planned. Leaving the Power of the Southern Aristocracy in tact to make the new laws of Jim Crow, which proved to be a form of semi-slavery to return to the south, and denial for Gender, Race, and Religious freedoms.

Frozen in time the class struggle to this very day has not ended fully racial, gender, or religious discrimination against the women of the U.S.A. Liberation of the species depends on full democracy such as moving to end those forms of discrimination, and is surely the content of the Lincoln program of doubling democracy, and electing woman equally--one man and one woman per constituency politically, economically, judicially, culturally, and religiously.

Why is this necessary. It contains the material liberation of our specie, that allows the full representative democracy that has been partially ended since the Conquest of Empire millenia ago. Fifty-fifty law making returns the joy and harmony that is the natural man, woman question. Without it male domination has made the specie into an alienated and threatened fact, which faces endless wars of aggression which also threatens all other species on the planet Earth.

This is because woman is most concious of creating and preserving life on the planet, while man has been the hunter-killer for thousands and many hundreds of years, Imperial Man thinks that it is normal to create aggressive wars as any nations foreign policy. But in fact the opposite is true.

Aggressive war is against the very life of the planet, and cannot since the 'war to end all wars' prove any different that freedom means ending aggressive wars and their manufactury, as they are now threatening the planets livability, because the WMD--weapons of mass destruction are so deadly, and ruinous that the very ecological organic balances of the web-of-life planet wide, are being destoyed by the WMD continuous use.

President Lincoln stood on the side of liberation from enslaving conditions, and so did the anti-fascist fighters of the second world war. They set liberation at ending aggressive war as any nations foreign policy, and moving to liberate from discrimination gender, race, and religious discrimination.

It is time the American People pick up the Lincoln programs of liberation, and end the Maximum Prisons which are the new chattel slavery set in motion in the new forms. Agricultural organic communes instead of prisons needs be set on the agenda, and to stop the unjust practice of American Imperialism waging aggressive war after war after war until the very web-of-life is threatened globally.

Workers of the world unite!! End the war, not endless wars for more and more pollution. Ye yet have a world to win!! Re-new the Emancipation Proclamation, and end all forms of slavery caused by unjust wars.
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