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What Role did Shias Play in Condemning Qadianis to Kafirdom in Cahoots with Sunni Scholars
Shia Killings in Pakistan -- Why is it happening; how to end it.
Zahir Ebrahim | Project Humanbeingsfirst.org
Sunday, February 24, 2013 11:02 pm | Last Updated February 27, 201301:00 pm
In reaction to the ongoing targeted Shia killings in Pakistan as the new “kafirs” (see Some Context for Shia Killings in Pakistan and The New SAVAK in Pakistan), while researching the role of fanatical Sunni sects in condemning the Qadianis previously as the original "kafir" in 1973-74 under ZA Bhutto's Islamization drive to neutralize the American sponsored religious right, I stumbled upon the following gem. Watch this video clip, at time 1m 55 sec:
Chicken coming home to roost for the Shias of Pakistan?
Caption Quoting the late Pakistani Shia scholar, Allama Irfan Haider Abidi, (translation is mine): “All the Muslims in the world would not have been able to declare Qadianis kafir if 'Ali Waale' were not present!” (Allama Irfan Haider Abidi, Qadiyani Aur Sunni Main Farq?, 1990s, time 1m 55s, translated by Zahir Ebrahim)
Caption Quoting the late Pakistani Shia scholar, Allama Irfan Haider Abidi, why the Shia pulpit is protected from officially being declared 'kafir' in Pakistan; which perhaps explains the psychology behind why it was easy for the 'Ali Waale' (video above) to team up with the fanatic Sunni pulpits against the Qadianis' political disenfranchisement orchestrated by ZA Bhutto in 1974 –– when they could have just as easily recused themselves from the political charade even if no one rationally dare declare Shias 'kafir' (translation is mine):
“I am speaking from both Shia and Sunni point of view. In Islam, there is no concept of majority and minority. In Islam only non-Muslims are called minority. (Some instructions to the listeners to pay close attention and to stop sloganeering) In Islam the Muslims are always in the majority (by definition); even if among 200 non-Muslims there are only 2 homes (that are Muslim). And minority is 'scheduled caste'; the non-Muslims are called the minorities. And responsible citizens are sitting here. Our Mr. Shah sahib participated in the formation of the 1973 Constitution, and he knows better; he is also an advocate, and he is very experienced; he has studied constitutional law. Our Mr. Qizalbash sahib is also sitting here; and he also knows. And other law experts must also be present here.
The 1973 Constitution had clearly written the words “non-Muslim minorities” in reference to Personal Law. Meaning, those minority communities which are not Muslim. Personal Law was only for them. We don't except the Western terminology of Personal Law and Public Law.
The 1973 Constitution made it clear-cut that Personal Law will only be for minorities. After that, during the military dictatorship rule when the 1973 Constitution was disfigured, this clause was removed. And then every (Muslim) sect was given freedom to do whatever they want under Personal Law. Every sect does not need freedom in Personal Law to do whatever they want. I am not going to bury my dead by asking the government first. It is my right.
Pakistan's 1973 Constitution was subverted and disfigured through amendments during the military era. Go pick up copies of the Constitution and examine it. This reference to Section 227 that is often made; it was subverted, disfigured. Where other aspects of the Constitution have been disfigured, this has also been disfigured.
Personal Law is only for minorities. And the term "minorities" in Islam is exclusively reserved for kafirs. Until such time that someone does not declare us (shias) kafirs, we don't accept any Personal Law. And there is no such brave person, 'mai ka lal', born to any mother, who can dare declare those who follow Ali as 'kafir'. I swear by God. (cheering).
Writing on doors and walls nothing happens; just writing "kafir kafir", dear listeners, nothing can happen. Because, and this is our only main advantage (or superiority), that no one can ever declare those who say "ya Ali" to be 'kafir'.
And the reason no one can declare that, is because we also say "la illaha illallah", we also say "Muhammad-un rasool ullah", and immediately after that we say "Ali-un vali ullah". And after saying "Ali-un vali ullah", it becomes an automatic announcement (a declaration of faith) that now no more messengers will come, because now Ali's Imammate has commenced! (cheering) Are you paying attention? Reflect again.
As for declaring the Shia-an-e-haidar-e-karar 'kafir', friends, if you ask me my personal opinion, I pray to Allah, someone should really declare us 'kafir', just one time. By just someone's proclamation one of course does not become 'kafir'. And a kafir declaring someone else 'kafir' cannot make the momin (Shia) 'kafir', obviously. (laughter, sloganeering).
But I would like to say at least this little thing, that God willing, it should come into someone's mind to declare Shia-an-e-haidar-e-karar 'kafir'.
Remember, it is from our beliefs that the existence of Pakistan is intimately associated (or dependent). Pay attention, I am stating a very important sentence. And this voice should be spread if the news media representatives whom I had especially invited are present here. My message should be spread, and very responsible citizens are present here.
In all their presence I am stating: it is with our beliefs and (our) Islam that the future of the entire country is intertwined. I am saying just try it – if we are declared 'kafir', constitutionally, Pakistan's Resolution, the 1940 Resolution, the 1945 Convention, the 1930 Allahabad Convention (Sir Muhammad Iqbal's 1930 Presidential Address, Allahabad, 29 December 1930), all these will automatically become null and void!
entire conception of Pakistan will become null and void. Because,
if we are declared 'kafir', then the founder of Pakistan also becomes
When a people are not very principled, when their rulers' and leaders' politics is based on expeditious reasoning, and political expediency is the foundation of rule of law, as it has been for the entire 65 year history of Pakistan, what goes around comes around. The fact, according to the Shia scholar in the first video above, that the “Ali Waale”, meaning the Shia scholars, participated in conferring that epithet of official kafirdom upon another peoples, the Qadianis, leaves the ongoing Shia killings today in the name of their own kafirdom, with the tail wagging the dog. The logical invincibility proclaimed in the second video not being all that effective in protecting the ordinary Shia peoples from the daily targeted wrath of the barbarians. Someone evidently forgot to inform the murderous barbarians and their manufacturers and handlers that the Shias are invincible!
For each one of you, well, except for the few who are converts to Islam, your religion is your inheritance, just as it is for me. There is absolutely no merit in you being born a Shia, or Sunni, or demerit in being born a Qadiani, and for that matter a Dalit or any other. We were all born in our respective homes and socialized into our worldviews, our faith, our beliefs, our loves, and also our hates (see Islam and Knowledge vs. Socialization). Being condemned and dispossessed of political rights, marginalized and killed, because of one's beliefs – that used to happen in the Dark Ages in most parts of the world, and still happens in Palestine today for the Palestinians under occupation. But why does that still happen in Pakistan? It is easy to point to effects and think them to be the cause. Cause and effect are two different things. Blood-drenched sectarianism is the symptom, like the ugly boil on the syphilis ridden new bride's lip. What is the cause? The principal first cause is the directionless-ness of the nation; carved from blood and dispossession, never forging an independent national destiny, and preferring to continue as the newly freed but still emotionally dependent slave of the massa.
We don't even have a sensible understanding of what is likely obvious to even intelligent first graders in the West. One is criminalized in a civilized society only for one's acts of crime – and beliefs are not a crime in a civilized society. Except, when it becomes Orwellian; when even thought-crimes can be defined by the fiat of law to carry the death penalty. In such a dystopian society, no one is immune from being made kafir, terrorist, or even classified as suffering from a psychiatric illness such as the newly coined “oppositional defiant disorder” and locked away for life --- once that cat of marginalizing a people based on their beliefs is let out of the bag!
So why were the Shia and Sunni Muslim public in Pakistan silent in 1974 when their respective scholars were condemning another minority to kafirdom? When many good people remain silent to the travails of others, the few bad people take over and screw each good people in turn. Duh! It is for this reason that Solon, the ancient Athenian law-giver, advocated for social responsibility as not just a moral requirement, but a legal requirement. When asked which city he thought was well-governed, Solon said: “That city where those who have not been injured take up the cause of one who has, and prosecute the case as earnestly as if the wrong had been done to themselves.”
To overcome that banality of evil has been the principal teaching of all religions, but specifically Islam (see Islam: Surah Al-Asr of the Holy Qur'an and Path Forward: Impacting Muslim Existence). We turned that lofty religion into a bunch of rituals, and my sect's is bigger than your sect's childish rivalry among the few which continued to spread by way of socialization into self-righteousness. Its natural culmination is the barbarianism now being visited upon those previously silent and too busy pursuing their own “Pakistani Dream” – both in and out of the mosques – to give a fck about anyone else's blood being shed. It isn't my blood, my child, my wife, my brothers and sisters, my parents – phew. Let's move on to the next channel see what's playing.
What share should we apportion to ourselves for our public apathy and silence for this carnage that is now Pakistan? We hasten to blame our national misery on the rampages of the pirates, on the greed of the politicians, and on the emperor's armies and think-tanks playing the new great game on the grand chessboard. What has been our tacit role in rubber-stamping their rampages with our indifference, with our abiding signatures, and with our quiet compliance?
Just because you are a Shia, or a Sunni, or a Christian, or whatever other minority peoples exist in Pakistan, and your erudite turban or shalwar-kameez excretes poison for others, especially when you are a majority, you don't have to go along with your tribe “United We Stand”. Have the courage to instead “United We Stand” with moral decency, with civic mindedness, with fairness, with justice, diligently applying the Golden Rule “do unto others as you have others do unto you” to adjudicate upon any and all matters; and today the Shia ass would not be in the line of fire of these antediluvian manufactured barbarians – because the Qadiani ass would also never have been in that line of fire.
The problem is not [the lack of] abstract theory. It is the intertwining of political will and the power nexus in Pakistan that is still entirely beholden to the same white man's burden now merely wearing the indirect “liberal” garb of democracy instead of the iron fisted one of direct colonial occupation. Here is the pertinent text of the founder of beleaguered Pakistan, Mr. Muhammad Ali Jinnah's first Presidential Address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, August 11, 1947. Excerpted from G. Allana, Pakistan Movement Historical Documents, University of Karachi, 1969, pp. 407-411 (via source):
“[] I cannot emphasize it too much. We should begin to work in that spirit, and in course of time all these angularities of the majority and minority communities, the Hindu community and the Muslim community -- because even as regards Muslims you have Pathans, Punjabis, Shias, Sunnis and so on, and among the Hindus you have Brahmins, Vashnavas, Khatris, also Bengalees, Madrasis and so on -- will vanish. Indeed if you ask me, this has been the biggest hindrance in the way of India to attain the freedom and independence, and but for this we would have been free people long long ago. No power can hold another nation, and specially a nation of 400 million souls, in subjection; nobody could have conquered you, and even if it had happened, nobody could have continued its hold on you for any length of time, but for this. Therefore, we must learn a lesson from this. You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place or worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed -- that has nothing to do with the business of the State. As you know, history shows that in England conditions, some time ago, were much worse than those prevailing in India today. The Roman Catholics and the Protestants persecuted each other. Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days. We are starting in the days where there is no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another, no discrimination between one caste or creed and another. We are starting with this fundamental principle: that we are all citizens, and equal citizens, of one State. The people of England in [the] course of time had to face the realities of the situation, and had to discharge the responsibilities and burdens placed upon them by the government of their country; and they went through that fire step by step. Today, you might say with justice that Roman Catholics and Protestants do not exist; what exists now is that every man is a citizen, an equal citizen of Great Britain, and they are all members of the Nation.
[] Now I think we should keep that in front of us as our ideal, and you will find that in course of time Hindus would cease to be Hindus, and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State.
[] Well, gentlemen, I do not wish to take up any more of your time; and thank you again for the honour you have done to me. I shall always be guided by the principles of justice and fair play without any, as is put in the political language, prejudice or ill-will; in other words, partiality or favouritism. My guiding principle will be justice and complete impartiality, and I am sure that with your support and co-operation, I can look forward to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest Nations of the world.” --- Muhammad Ali Jinnah's first Presidential Address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, August 11, 1947.
Unfortunately, to undo the Gordian knot of provincialism tied on Pakistani politics since its very inception is gonna take more than a few wise men, regurgitation of theory, and referendum; and isn't that the truth!
There are many lessons to be learnt from history, but the one that continues to impress me is the fact that once a Gordian knot is tied upon any matter, or any nation, a thousand wise men may not be able to untie it. When Imam Ali "inherited" the caliphate due to the people finally pleading with him to take up the reigns of the Muslim nation after the third Muslim Caliph's assassination when a Gordian knot had already been tied upon the rapidly emerging new ruling-state that was reaching the shores of the Roman Empire, Persia and India, even the singular “gate to the city of knowledge” was unable to undo the civil wars that besieged his 4-1/2 years in power.
Perhaps the lack of the many wise men in Pakistan who can even begin to tackle the Gordian knot tied upon the nation can be made up by every ordinary man woman and child in Pakistan screaming NO to their own banality of evil; they can stop being silent bystanders while waiting for their turn to become the next victim of the barbarians – both the pirate and the emperor; and stand up to have their presence felt in society. What that means for the upcoming 2013 elections can be read in Some Context for Shia Killings in Pakistan.
What Role did Shias Play in Condemning Qadianis to Kafirdom in Cahoots with Sunni Scholars in 1974?
Zahir Ebrahim | Project Humanbeingsfirst.org
February 21, 2013 | Last Updated Monday, February 25, 201311:40 pm
The New SAVAK in Pakistan, the latest spate of shia killings, should be examined in the context given below and the senseless creation of “revolutionary times” across the world will begin to make sense. Pakistan is a component of it. That component is tickled through sectarianism as that is the genius of our peoples. Other nations are tickled according to their own respective genius minds. The New SAVAK in Pakistan works for these superman gods in no less a measure than the old SAVAK worked for its own superman god. Is this stuff rocket science you people? Why can't learned people in Pakistan see it? Especially why can't the high falutin armchair analysts, and the defense analysts, who have routine access to media see it? Look at my examination systematically unlayering the overarching context below. Does that sound like American empire or Zionist empire to any of you? Or does it appear exactly what it is -- an Oligarchic Empire for World Government being constructed with “an end run around national sovereignty, eroding it piece by piece” (Hard Road to World Order, CFR 1974 – read the superman's paper if you think I make things up with my unconstrained hyperactive imagination)!
Com'on you idle spectators and bullshit purveyors (those who deliver crap in the opportunity they get in the media), all my good friends I am sure. Six feet under the maggots can't tell the bloody difference. Only the dead have seen the end of war, says Plato. Sure -- those living see it everyday. And Most recently, in the systematic Muslim killings in Pakistan where, in the immediate aftermath of targeting the Hazara shias in Quetta with a bomb on 16 Feb. 2013, the shia eye surgeon, Dr. Ali Haider, and his 11-year-old son Murtaza Haider (photos above, more graphic images here), were ruthlessly and prematurely dispatched to meet their Maker with bullets to their head in Lahore this past Monday, 18 Feb. 2013. إِنَّا لِلّهِ وَإِنَّـا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعونَ .
You, me, all of us, don't speak up right now, you, all of you my friends in Pakistan, they are coming for you and me next (the question in the photo above is not merely rhetorical; the assertion by the child is also not rhetorical, but a dare, a show of courage and perseverance that mirrors the Palestinian defiance living and dying under the jackboots of a superman terrorist state). For, this is the harvest of remaining silent when ZA Bhutto was politically declaring the Qadianis non-Muslims. Watch this confessional speech in Urdu by the brilliant late Pakistani Shia scholar, Allama Syed Irfan Haider Abidi, in which he openly apportions due credit to the Shia scholars of the time, of 1974, for participating in that political travesty in support of the Sunni ullema led effort that ZA Bhutto was orchestrating from behind the scenes to neutralize the American sponsored fanatic religious opposition to him (see Profiles of Intelligence quoted in Who Killed Benazir Bhutto for America's role in funding the PNA Alliance of the religious right to finally unseat ZA Bhutto).
Chicken coming home to roost for the Shias of Pakistan
Caption Quoting the Shia scholar (translation is mine): “All the Muslims in the world would not have been able to declare Qadianis kafir if 'Ali Waale' were not present!” (time 1m 55s) See Role of Shias in Qadianis' Kafirdom
Who gives the right to man to challenge another's beliefs; let alone deny a people their political, religious, civil, and basic human rights, including to not be killed by either the pirate or the emperor for their beliefs, inheritance, ethnicity, their land, whatever? See Islam and Knowledge vs. Socialization.
You open that can of worms by the state giving legitimacy to calling one group “kafir”, and now the Shias and Ismailis are the new “kafirs” today. Following that, who's next? YOU, my sunni friends, who are silently watching the spectacle of shia deaths and demonization, just as both together previously spectated the Qadiani pogroms in silence; you and your parents, and your siblings still living in Pakistan and unlucky enough to not have the Green Card or Canadian citizenship. It is these cracks and lacunas in our sectarian ethos which are perennially ripe for harvest for the “revolutionary times”, we see being enacted today in Pakistan. Unless we get rid of these sectarian cracks that are repeatedly and deliberately enlarged into fault-lines by empire builders who know how to both cultivate and harvest these most efficiently for “imperial mobilization”, we are burnt toast.
And learned people who are supposed to have the wherewithal to lead the charge, to educate the public mind to what's really going on, to motivate them to stand up, have all been turned into glorified House Niggers and useful idiots.
Never too late to throw that yoke of servitude---even for house niggers and silent bystanders---and for selfish reasons of self-preservation if not for altruistic concern for anyone else.
So what can we do? Two things to begin with:
1) Perceptively comprehend the overarching motivation of the super-terrorists in order to come up with proper self-defence. See my article unlayering reality below. Among all the patent lies the “vulgar propagandist” (Chomsky's epithet, not mine) Bernard Lewis spinned on Islam over the years, the one thing he stated most accurately was: “Terrorism requires only a few. Obviously the West must defend itself by whatever means will be effective. But in devising means to fight the [super]terrorist, it would surely be useful to understand the forces that drive them.” Well, obviously the victims of the super terrorists must intelligently play at that table to also defend themselves by whatever means will be effective. This will lead all of us who are capable of understanding to comprehend that all variants of Islam, “militant Islam”, “moderate Islam”, and “revolutionary Islam”, are creations of minds working assiduously on “imperial mobilization” over a lifetime. None will therefore be fooled by them.
This means shias won't be fooled by “revolutionary Islam” despite their partisanship with the shia sect, and sunnis won't be fooled by the other versions despite their partisanship to sunni sects. These have nothing to do with the religion of Islam and its 1.6 to 2 billion ordinary believers --- but with methods of creating “controlled chaos” by cognitive infiltration of the religion, which means creating chaos that is predictable, its tempo increasable and decrease-able at will, and switch-off-able when its purpose is harvested. At present, that tap control resides in the West. It is entirely independent of the local population which therefore cannot break through its strangulating grip in the normal fashion. Just like the “Iron Wall” that surrounds Palestine. That diabolical construct was accurately described by Vladimir Jabotinsky: “This colonization can, therefore, continue and develop only under the protection of a force independent of the local population – an iron wall which the native population cannot break through.”
Something similar to this “Iron Wall” protects these mal constructs of “Islam” rapidly devouring our nation while simultaneously lending the much needed pretext to the West for sustaining its “imperial mobilization”. Its strategic and full spectrum redressing takes more than just ineffectively banning these terrorist organizations (which has been tried halfheartedly in lip-service to the Hegelian Dialectic) or ineffectively curtailing their antediluvian “Islamization of Pakistan” programs (which is talked about by the so called secular humanists who are the second line of useful idiots of empire, the first being our leaders, those who are not outright mercenaries that is). It is discussed elsewhere.
2) Bravely speak up, stand up, be part of the making your presence felt in society by giving up the silence of the lamb, the ostrich, and the coward.
In that speaking up, and standing up, boycott the forthcoming Pakistani elections.
Not participating is a resounding NO vote to reject the entire corrupt system. Do not participate in a fabricated system designed to ab initio continue its servility to massa; all waters run only Westward, even if wearing the turban, the beard, clean-shaved, in uniform, in awami-libas, in duppatta, in burqa – and that includes Imran Khan, the favorite savior of the young generation.
Imran Khan is some part of the right-wing Difa-e-Pakistan Council (Defence of Pakistan Council – DPC) group of “militant Islam” formerly known by different acronyms some officially banned: SSP1, LeT2, LeJ3, JeM4, ASWJ5, JuD6, TNSM7, etc., (I lost track), who are state-sponsored and even openly supported by the Punjab government (PML-N’s Chief Minister in Punjab Shahbaz Sharif et. al.) and by right-wing elements of the ISI. And of course, Imran Khan also occasionally flirts with the “moderate Islam” of Tahir-ul-Qadri. Both Hegelian Dialectics of “Islam” are sponsored by different factions from within the Pakistan military, which in turn is paid from the Western tax-payers hard earned monies to become the coveted Military Inc. of Pakistan with the Western power's great blessings. This praetorian guard, a rising new “feudal class” in Pakistan, is now fully invested in staying America's proxy army in Pakistan. This is how power flows in Pakistan today behind the veneers and puppetshows put up before the public – be it the elected Parliament, or the many variants of “Islam”. Without their minimally tacit approval, not a fly can buzz in Pakistan. It would be found riddled with bullet holes the very next day. The combined output of all these variants of “Islam” and their open and secret benefactors, is to lay the groundwork for the creation of “revolutionary Islam”, whether or not they each realize it. That is the shia arc of crescent a long time in the making and yet to be fully realized. We are, after all, looking at a lifetime of World Was IV. Many teams have to play their part, and it seems to me that “revolutionary Islam” has been gestating in the oven too long. I am sure General Hameed Gul (Ret.) understands this better than the brainless posterboy of modernity, Imran Khan, his foolish rapidly aging protégé who has been dying to become president at all cost. A good donkey to ride on for the ubermensch.
But then again, perhaps not, as it was this traitor General, then head of the ISI, who gave to neighboring Muslim Afghanistan “their Vietnam War” in service to his massa in Washington, purveying the fiction of “strategic depth” to carry the Pakistan army along. I once had a long conversation with a former director of ISI the day after his daughter's wedding at which I was an unofficial (hobbyist) photographer. When I presented the bride and groom with a beautiful photo album of their wedding pictures that I instantly had processed the same day, the father of the bride invited me to join them for lunch, which I did. In the conversation he disclosed that he was a former director of ISI, and when I explained to him where he got his specious “strategic depth” from to fck Pakistan, he simply couldn't believe nor refute the commonsense of my straightforward observations. I held him to rapt attention for the entire time and all he could murmur was: why did it not occur to us? None of these Generals are known for their commonsense. Groomed at Westpoint and Sandhurst, they reach their positions of power in Pakistan's military only after being vetted by the white man to be psychologically able to carry the white man's burden on Pakistan's back without complaint. As I noted in 2008:
'In 2007, while the 'Army Act 2007' was still in effect, I offered two Pakistani military men, recently retired 3-star generals, whom I had occasion to partake a meal with in Islamabad, that I could craft any terrorist to their specification for them for a mere $15000 – a number that I conjured up out of thin air thinking it was suitably low to impress upon them how easy it was to harvest the surviving victims whose parents, wives, daughters, sons, had been bombed to smithereens, who had nothing to look forward to in life except the abyss of hunger, deprivation, and alienation, and especially from among those holding the 'Pakhtoonwali' tradition. I was trying to rationally talk them out of bombing our own peoples in the tribal belt in this fictional 'war on terror' by explaining to them how Machiavellian political science works. I had held their attention for over 3-1/2 hours. And I was rather stunned when one of the 3-star generals of Pakistan's Army, and let me hasten to add (Retired), responded to my 'jihadi manufacturing challenge' with “Zahir you are asking too much, I could do it for $2000”!'
Imran Khan is the worst Trojan horse of them all – why? Because he is presented as “Mr. clean” and unrecognizable by the masses as being worse than “Mr. Ten Percent” from whom many Pakistanis knew what to expect from the very beginning. As an intelligence and Western asset, Imran Khan will deliver the worst nightmare yet to simpleton Pakistanis. All his plans are outright scams to feed more people from the gravy-train of state treasury. All his plans are plans to loot and plunder anew – for the fresh crop of plunderers – since he cannot harvest any of the old already sponged off stuff. His energy plan or education plan for instance? After HEC under Ata ur Rahman and Sohail Naqvi squandered billions in crap, Imran Khan is proposing to spend trillions, 2.5 trillion in fact, to replace one crap with another crap. He wants to make English compulsory and the medium of instruction after 8th grade in Urdu medium and public schools to bring them at parity with English medium schools; and teach everyone in Pakistan the same standardized curriculum. What is that mother? Even India which is ahead of us in all metrics education, does not have such an insane policy. Yet they have IITs which surpass the best IVYs in America in terms of competition to get in. The son of Infosys president couldn't get into IIT so he went to Cornell – as a safety school! We don't have one decent university in Pakistan where I would love to send my own children and this moron now wants to spend 2.5 trillion rupees in another boondoggle? Increasing literacy rate is great goal – it cannot be carried out in a slave state with no economy to absorb them. The development of a nation cannot happen overnight – only its rape and theft in the