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Understanding America’s Frac Job: The Cumulative Impacts of Compulsory Integration
by Tomas DiFiore
Monday Jan 14th, 2013 9:24 AM
More than half of all life on Earth likely lies within deep geological strata. That much biomass means that below-ground organisms almost certainly play a role in the global carbon cycle and may also very likely participate in ways we don't yet understand in regulating the Earth's climate system. This underground microflora consists of bacteria, fungal filaments, and an ancient domain of life called Archaea. All these need to be killed off during fracking operations.
Understanding America’s Frac Job: The Cumulative Impacts of Compulsory Integration

Known as forced pooling, Compulsory Integration means that a landowner can't refuse to participate in a fracking operation if most of the neighbors have already signed leases with a gas company. In essence, it's a legally enforced surrender of subterranean property rights.

Drilling and fracking operations cannot set up shop on top of state lands.But drilling and fracking operations can be erected on private lands immediately next to state lands and, from there, tunnel underneath them (laterally for a mile or more).

This BUD's for who?
BUD Beneficial Use Determination - it is against the law to pour fracking wastewater straight onto the ground UNLESS it's being poured straight onto the ground in order to do something beneficially useful. In this case, B.U.D. refers to the practice of spreading fracking wastewater onto roadways to control dust or melt ice. (It's salty.) Under this beneficial use, this fluid is now called "production brine."

These are brief excerpts from a valuable resource fresh from New York's current process of creating the framework for State Fracking Regulations:
30 Days Of Comments Dec 12, 2012 - Jan 11, 2013
Thank you New York!

Consider it a library of specific educational content available to help anyone making comments on (HVHF) 'fracking' Regulations in any State (everything in new regulations may apply only to high-volume hydraulic fracturing).

(It's a good read) between the lines; find the loopholes, flag the concealed predatory linguistics of the natural (gas) resource commodity economy and question the technology. Learn to grasp the inherent conflicts of stated threshold parameters for reporting and monitoring of toxic chemicals in fracking fluids, flowback, and wastewater evaporative ponds per regulatory differentiation of the well (vertical, horizontal) and fluid amounts used in low volume vs high volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF).

This is truly an amazing resource for anyone wishing to make comments on California’s regulations for fracking.

Discussion Draft Of California Hydraulic Fracturing Regulations Released:
The Department of Conservation/Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources on December 18, 2012 released a “discussion draft” of regulations for the oil and natural gas production technique known as hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”).

Members of the public who wish to comment about the “discussion draft” of regulations are invited to email comments [at]

On California's Central Coast:
We all know what industry PR commentary sounds like, as recently as January 7, 2013 “Tupper Hull, a spokesperson for the Western States Petroleum Association (WSPA), said that the Central Coast vintners needn’t worry about water quality or quantity. The amount of water used for fracking is minuscule compared to agriculture, and fracking in the Monterey shale formation would take place many thousands of feet below the surface, far away from the groundwater aquifers. The likelihood of any contamination from hydraulic fracturing itself is as close to zero as I suppose you could get.”

I wonder from where is that miniscule data sourced?
Tomas DiFiore