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Homeless Frame-Up by Cops and City Attorney Defeated in Rare Court Victory
by Robert Norse
Saturday Mar 20th, 2010 4:59 PM
The City's "Go to Sleep; Go to Jail" campaign suffered defeat with two "Not Guilty" verdicts after a four-hour contempt hearing for Anna Richardson and Miguel deLeon. Judge Timothy Volkman returned to the plain language of MC 6.36.010c which makes sleeping, even on blankets, even with your possessions around you, a legal activity during the day if you have no intention of remaining overnight and haven't "set up a campsite", no matter how much that infuriates police officers who want you to move along.

The day began outside the main entrance of the courthouse at 8:15 AM with a free breakfast provided by Joe Schultz, soon to open a new restaurant downtown on Front St. Schultz has long been a supporter of homeless protest actions in Santa Cruz, a rare exception to the cowed, indifferent, or hostile response of many merchants downtown.

The Downtown Association, whose former executive director Peter Eberle, voted to end the entire Camping Ban in 1999 when he was on the Homeless Issues Task Force has since refused to even discuss modifying the Sleeping Ban sections of the camping ordinance under the leadership of its new director, "Chip".

Over a dozen homeless people munched coffeecake, sipped coffee,and spoke out about their experiences outside. Curbhugger Chris Doyen passionately denounced the existing laws that target homeless survival behavior like sleeping and sitting in public places. Congressional Candidate and Attorney Ed Frey (pronounced "fry") described his appeal of the case of Robert "Blindbear" Facer on the grounds that waking people up is torture and requiring people to wake up, get ticketed, move, and get a letter asserting what everyone knows--that there's no shelter--is cruel & unusual punishment.

Anna Richardson's pro bono Jonathan Gettleman, decked out in a dark court-friendly suit, said his main focus today would be keeping his clients out of jail. "Compassion, not more punishment" is required, Gettleman noted, adding "everyone knows the shelters are wholly inadequate. People don't want to be treated like they're in prison just cause they want to sleep..."


Initially things didn't look too good. Attorneys Mark Briscoe and Jonathan Gettleman sitting alongside defendant Miguel deLeon faced City Attorney John Barisone. Judge Volkman dismissed all of the defense's concerns about the May 2009 Injunction itself being improper, the minute order served not matching Barisone's final language, and Barisone's affidavit being incomplete. The complaints were police reports and citations from three officers, one of whom, Officer Martin, was on vacation.

Barisone decided (ill advisedly as it turned out) to proceed with the case without Officer Martin, who was apparently 50% of his case. The one point the Gettleman/Briscoe defense team won was a ruling from the judge that "proof beyond a reasonable doubt" was the standard the City Attorney had to meet, since the penalty involved possible jail time and was hence 'quasi-criminal". Some thought the reason Barisone was using a Civil Injunction was to evade the need for a real trial with a high standard of proof and more protections for the defendants.

Barisone also chose not to use the "three infractions ignored makes a misdemeanor" law which he and City Council added to the city code in January 2009 over the objections of homeless advocates. Did this mean that the two homeless musicians had either dealt with all their citations, or hadn't gotten three since May 2009? Or was Barisone simply using a procedure with less protection for the defendants (a civil Injunction that seems to circumvent the need for a jury trial, is not susceptible of appeal, and provides for no appointed public defender)?

The "case" for contempt itself involved four incidents of police contact between the two and Officers Winston, Forbus, and Martin. The issue wasn't sleeping at night or sleeping at all, even though the cops woke them up, prompting their anger. The issue was "setting up a campsite with the intention of remaining overnight" downtown in the "forbidden zone" created by Barisone and ratified by Judge Burdick in May (

Three witnesses testified--Officers Forbus and Winston and homeless expert Linda Lemaster. Forbus and Winston are downtown beat officers under the jurisdiction of Sgts. Harms and Garner, to whom they reportedly pass on reports of all contacts with the two targeted homeless musicians. Lemaster previouslly served the city as Chair of the Commission for the Prevention of Violence Against Women and of the Homeless Issues Task Force. She is currently on the County's Homeless Action Partnership.


The key legal issues under scrutiny were (1) what determines whether a person as "set up a campsite" and (2) what is the standard for proving they had "an intention to remain overnight".
Both connditiosn are required to cite and convict someone during the day under MC 6.36.010c. At night just sleeping or covering up with blankets after 11 PM is itself illegal on all public property, on much private property, in any structure that isn't a house or hotel, and in any vehicle parked on public property. A third was whether the presence of homeless possessions next to an individual sitting, lying, or sleeping was itself significant or sufficient evidence of a campsite and an intention to remain overnight.

Lemaster testified there was a waiting list for storage lockers at the Homeless Services Center and insisted that commercial storage lockers are out of reach for anyone without a stable income. She talked about her own difficult experiences when a homeless mom. Barisone vigorously cross-examined her, suggesting that lockers were available for storing homeless property without even hinting at any evidence. He volunteered that homeless failure to apply for shelter and services indicates a conscious scofflaw mentality and not a function of the wearisome homeless treadmill. Finally he ignored the well-known and unchanging lack of shelter space and services. "Many homeless people stop trying," said Lemaster. "They are pressured over time to give up on waiting lists and application hurdles in order to stay focused on immediate survival needs."

Lemaster subsequently claimed that numbers of local homeless people exceed access to even momentary public aid by a facto of more than 15-1. "Homelessness," she noted, "is a growing epidemic that will not be resolved by municipalities." "It is profoundly immoral to simply pluck out the most egregious presences on Pacific Avenue, while ignoring the forces that destroy everyone else outside until they get sick or angry or messy or die."

Last year's county homeless death figure was nearly three times that of the prior year (

Not discussed at all were the difficulties involved even when Armory shelter space is available. Shelter space is never available in the late spring, summer, and early fall for 95% of the chronically homeless who apply, according to Lemaster. Requirements include: Show up early and so miss work opportunities; Face what some call unhealthful conditions sleeping in a room on the floor with many coughing and sick people; Show picture ID; Deal with what some have described as discriminatory treatment by ill-paid staff and Armory personnel; Abandon most of one's property during the night; Accept sexually segregated sleeping conditions; etc.


Sentinel reporter J.M. Brown sat through the proceedings and wrote a heavily merchant-friendly story. It mostly ignored the deeper legal issues and repeated deceptive and incomplete descriptions from prior stories. J.M. Brown cast the two defendants in a bad light, highlighting merchant fears and unproven allegations. (See "Judge dismisses some charges in preliminary injunction against S.C. couple accused of violating city's camping ban" at

Brown nowhere mentioned the costs of the proceeding nor indicated the bizarre nature of the patently fraudulent charges (even under the abusive wording of the Injunction covering downtown sleeping and the absurd Sleeping Ban making it illegal everywhere else). Apparently he didn't think to ask the City Attorney: "Why would you think that two people sleeping at midday with their possessions downtown constituted a campsite?" "How could that possibly mesh with the wording of the law and the Injunction?" "Why would you spend city time and money and waste the court's time with this?"

Reporter Brown repeated the unproven, irrelevant, and inflammatory charges of "bathing in a fountain", "destroying trees" , "trespassing" and other claims rejected in the May Injunction hearing, Those smears were not permitted in this contempt hearing which was specifically held to determine only whether the two were violating the Camping Ordinance in the forbidden Downtown zone--the only behavior the Injunction bans, and the only "crimes" alleged.

It was not proven at the May 2009 hearing that created the original injunction that Richardson and DeLeon were a Public Nuisance, simply that they were regularly charged (but not convicted) of violating the unconstitutional Sleeping Ban. This alone was the grounds for labeling them a "nuisance per se", not any substantial nuisance behavior. Thus was created this unique Injunction which bans an essential human function--sleeping, and set the two up as police targets. Not because their behavior specifically injured anyone, but because nighttime homeless sleeping is and has been illegal in Santa Cruz since 1978.

Brown used [phrases like "vagrancy"--an outdated and prejudicial epithet which criminalizes poor people outside for their status). "Years of negative public perception about safety issues" echoes a paranoid merchant perception--but the two are not charged with any violent crimes. Brown quotes Mayor Rotkin at length, who as usual talks out of both sides of his mouth--professing compassion for the homeless, but supporting the Sleeping Ban--which makes homeless people criminals for a life-sustaining act. All that De Leon and Richardson were charged with was sleeping during the day. Iinstead of grilling Rotkin on where homeless people can park their bones or researching the shelter realities, Brown simply mouths authority propaganda.

Misleading and sloppy reporting includes such comments as "limitations on loitering". There is no such crime; City Council under pressure from gentrification advocates and merchants intent on blaming homeless people for the economic depression has made more than 95% of the city's sidewalks in business districts a crime to sit on, and peacefully spare change on. A huge expanse has also been made forbidden territory for political tabling or busqueing.


I wrote the following commentary in response to Brown's Sentinel article which covers some more points (somewhat modified in this reprinting):

City Attorney Barisone's arrogance strikes again. As with another recent case where he's wasted over $100,000 of the City's money (and intends to waste more), this one was a really bad call.(See )

Anna and Miguel were sleeping downtown during the day--an activity not forbidden by Burdick's injunction. But when harassed by Officers Forbus and Winston, they refused to move (as was their right since they were doing nothing illegal). So maybe the two officers, out of resentment that their heavy-handed authority was being properly and caustically challenged, wrote phony tickets without probable cause to further intimidate the two.

The tickets "worked" in that the two defendants gathered together their possessions and left. They also provided grist for Sgt. Garner and Barisone's stalking agenda: holding the two in contempt and jailing them.

However, sleeping during the day is not "setting up a campsite" and even a judge nervous about offending the merchants and politicians knows that. It may show the depth of Barisone's arrogance (or perhaps his indifference--after all, he gets paid regardless) that he proceeded to drag these two into court on what were obviously false charges.

Further aggravating the situation for those of watching the trial was the fact that apparently the cops did not say they'd gotten any specific complaints about the two sleepers. It was just two thugs in uniform showing their power or currying favor with the city attorney--at what may ultimately be a significant cost to the city.

Exerting naked power against people--even poor people--can piss them off, especially when it's illegal.

Volkman had no choice but to find the accused not guilty of contempt. Barisone should have known that from the getgo. Barisone and his two cop witnesses should be held liable for harassment as well as misuse of public funds.

Even those whose agenda is characterizing visible homeless people sparechanging downtown as "bums" should get together to dump these incompetents.

Ironically sleeping during the day is the only legal option for all homeless people in Santa Cruz since sleeping at night is banned under MC 6.36.010a.

So Anna and Miguel sleeping at 1:40 PM and 5:20 PM in the afternoon were actually trying to follow the law.

Present in the audience watching this farce were Mayor Rotkin, Councilmember Robinson, Julie Hende, and no doubt a number of other notable bigoted bureaucrats. Boy, bigotry is bad, but stupidity when mixed with bigotry is even more ludicrous. And making a public spectacle out of this makes them all a laughingstock. Which, given the abuse they're trying to bring to homeless people, is what they deserve.

For more background go to and .

Those interested in real solutions should consider how much cheaper it would be to set up a campground and acknowledge the clear and present reality the immense shelter deficiency in Santa Cruz puts the City in very vulnerable spot legally and wretched position ethically.


The one positive thing to come out of this case (other than exposing the incompetence and/or corruption of the police and city attorney) is the revelation that police are now (perhaps under instruction from their supervisors) misuseing section c of the camping ordinance--which says folks can be ticketed anytime if they're "setting up a campsite with the intent of remaining overnight".

This means there is no "safety zone" as Vice-Mayor Coonerty insisted several years ago, that allows homeless people to sleep during the day and so makes our city different from Los Angeles, San Diego, Laguna Beach, and other places that have had courts overturn their Sleeping Bans.

It may be time to go back to court with a lawsuit--and this time the Injunction will be against the City and the Police, and not against homeless sleepers.


Two homeless activists, a homeless musician, and an innocent passerby were falsely given $445 citations last January for singing political songs in front of the Bookshop Santa Cruz. Officer Shoenfeld refused to say herself whether the singing she heard at 3 PM on a Wednesday afternoon, was "unreasonably disturbing". Because the singers refused to move, but did agree to sing more quietly (and stopped singing at Shoenfeld's request), Sheofeld apparently orchestrated the citizen's arrest from a resident of the St. George---Simon Reilly by falsely informing Reilly that the singers refused to sing more quietly.

Some of the story is told at ("Sinister Street Singers Cited on Sidewalk").

On March 25th at 1:30 PM in Dept. 10 (the basement of the County Building) the innocent bystander, a teacher named Michelle, will go to trial in the court of Commissioner Kim Baskett.

On March 26th at 10 AM, activist Becky Johnson will go to trial in Dept. 1 (first courtroom to your left as you pass the metal detector) in front of Judge Symons.

On April 27th, Robert "Blindbear" Facer is due to go to trial at 1:30 p.m. Dept. 10.

HUFF (Homeless United for Friendship &; Freedom) will likely be sponsoring an outdoor meal to encourage the community to have a bite to eat and then witness the proceedings in the hopes that these ridiculous charges will be dismissed, encouraging the police not to use citizens as catspaws.

Judge Volkman at the Injunction Contempt Hearing commended the audience for coming and the presence of the audience may have had a positive effect in helping him hold the line against a lawless city attorney whose main concern seems to be running disfavored homeless people out of town or out of sight.

Comments  (Hide Comments)

by Of a bum
Saturday Mar 20th, 2010 5:26 PM
Robert, when you say "Even those whose agenda is characterizing visible homeless people sparechanging downtown as "bums"" makes me wonder if you know what the definition of a bum is?

Assorted dictionary definitions:

-a slang term for a homeless person, beggar, or a "forgotten man."
-A lazy person; slacker

Being that these two identify themselves as homeless by choice, live by spanging, and don't bother getting jobs? I can't think of a more perfect description of a bum than they....
by anonymous
Saturday Mar 20th, 2010 10:34 PM
I guess we really no longer need to digress into the question which ultimately puts a stop to the oppression on the homeless.

Unfortunately the current Operation Omniscience puts us into the palace where it is no lnger possible to discuss realisitic solutions to the homeless problem. Nevertheless that solution is already known.

The survellience society changes nothing in that respect.

The only bone fide question that remains is how not to get caught, something I am most forcefully advocating at this time.
by ex-bum
Sunday Mar 21st, 2010 12:33 AM
is that it's pejorative...
by Of a bum
Sunday Mar 21st, 2010 8:31 AM
I agree that "bum" is pejorative, and correctly so. But if Robert finds that demeaning, I'm happy to switch over.

Let me see....they don't constructively participate in the community, they live off of the charity of those who do participate and work, the litter the community, they break into property, they threaten and intimidate citizens.

I've got it ! Heck, I'll even give Robert a choice. Which do you prefer?

by Linda Lemaster
Sunday Mar 21st, 2010 8:16 PM
halleluah gimme a handout
halleluah I'm a bum
Halaleluah give-us a handout
and revive us again!

as sung by Mike Z and U Utah Phillips

I am nots o much of a bum lately, but I still make art outa trash
by Dragon
Tuesday Mar 23rd, 2010 8:23 AM
Once again Robert is making much ado about nothing. All they won was the right to spread their crap all over the sidewalk during the day. The original charges that caused them to be cited for contempt have not gone away. BTW in my opnion a homeless person is someone who through no fault of their own is on the streets. A bum is someone who chooses to live on the streets and scrounge handouts and public services as a way of life. These two are bums who want to sit on their butts all day and bitch when society rejects this choice.
by Becky Johnson
Tuesday Mar 23rd, 2010 12:58 PM
OF A BUM WRITES: "Being that these two identify themselves as homeless by choice, live by spanging, and don't bother getting jobs? I can't think of a more perfect description of a bum than they...."

BECKY: They are not sleeping on the streets "by choice." The CITY seized their van, towed it, and they didn't have the money to get it back. THAT was their only shelter. THAT is not "by choice" but a direct consequence of City action. They don't spange either. You are mis-informed. They get tips for playing music. Even our City code designates a difference between playing music for tips and begging. The first is covered under the "non-commercial display ordinance" for the cup or hat that they collect the donations in. Begging is covered under the "solicitation" ordinance. Oh, and ANNA has had several jobs.

They are not "bums" even by YOUR definition.

But I get it that you get off on putting other people down.
by Becky Johnson
Tuesday Mar 23rd, 2010 1:12 PM
OF A BUM WRITES: "Let me see....they don't constructively participate in the community, they live off of the charity of those who do participate and work, the litter the community, they break into property, they threaten and intimidate citizens. I've got it ! Heck, I'll even give Robert a choice. Which do you prefer? LEECH, or PARASITE?"

BECKY: You truly are one of the most ignorant posters I've ever seen. You hold strong opinions but know nothing of the case. Where do you get your information from? Zach Friend?

ANNA was BORN here. So that makes her a member of the community. Heck, she's a Daughter of the Golden West! I wish I were. The play music for free on the streets of downtown which provides ambiance, culture, music, and art. I think that is a constructive contribution to our community. They don't even use the social services that are available to them (although ANNA has recently been going to the shelter). In fact, one of the complaints BARISONE made against them in court was that they had FAILED TO APPLY FOR SOCIAL SERVICES. They don't litter, and always pick up their stuff and leave an area in good condition, unless running away from cops. NONE of their 40 plus citations was for "litter" unless you count ANNA's "open container" citation when she was cited for camping near an empty beer can (NOT hers!!).

they did rig the gate behind BUNNY"S SHOES so they could get in and camp back there. Technically it is was breaking and entering. However, they "broke" nothing. But why weren't they cited for that if it was such a slam/dunk case? And what citizens have they "threatened" or "intimidated?" When they have been spoken to harshly, they have responded with similar harsh language. I call that tit-for-tat and not even illegal. Most people who know the couple say that they are both very nice and good people. They certainly seem to be better people than you are---you who slander and libel and spread hate and disinformation, along with painful stereotypes.

You are definitely NOT better than them. You are worse than them.

by Becky Johnson
Tuesday Mar 23rd, 2010 1:34 PM
DRAGON WRITES: "The original charges that caused them to be cited for contempt have not gone away."

BECKY: True. And we shouldn't lose sight of that. City Attorney John Barisone is really doing something very new here with this civil injunction against truly impoverished individuals who are not truly a menace to society. They have not committed any serious crimes. Not theft. Not vandalism. Not assault. Not battery. Not burglary. They don't drink. They don't do heroin or meth. They don't actually HURT anyone or anything. They are just trying to survive , and they are not doing very well at that either, especially after the City stole their van under color of law.

What should concern us (other than as a community trying to help them to get back into housing, school, jobs, and contributing to the tax base) is that the CITY has volunteered to take on legal work that rightly belongs as part of the business operating expenses for downtown merchants. It's not as if LULU CARPENTERS, BORDERS BOOKS, THE PALOMAR, and BUNNY'S SHOES didn't have a remedy. Any one --or several in tandem---could have filed their own civil injunction to stop the public nuisance. They might have had to prove actual damages, which would have been difficult.

The City is too broke to be paying for the legal work which these downtown businesses should pay for on their own dime. The law, through liberal application of trespassing laws already favors property owners and business owners. It's not like the courts or laws are stacked against them!!

And why is the City only taking up the cudgel for the FOUR merchants? Surely there are other businesses that would like to have the City do their legal work for them too. Do we only do it for the friends of the council members? Or for the friends of City Attorney John Barisone? I mean, who ordered this injunction in the first place?

Do we have money to burn? And isn't BARISONE padding his own budget a lot with these make-work jobs?
by Of a Bum
Tuesday Mar 23rd, 2010 6:39 PM
1) They are sleeping on the streets by choice. You choose to focus on the fact that they lost their van; albeit due to repeated violations which caused that van to be taken away. I, instead, focus on the fact that they were offered legal shelter by the city and they declined it. Pray tell, how do you deny that that is on the street by choice?

2) Although I've already offered alternatives to their description as "bums", I'm equally willing to still defend that description.
"Bum: a lazy person, a slacker". What better description for two people who, between them, have worked fewer than a year or two at a job that pays money in their combined 2-decade history?

3) You say Anna was born here, and that makes her a member of the community. I don't disagree a wit. But it doesn't effect the reality that she is a bum in the community.

4) You say they provide "ambiance, culture, music, and art.". I say they are obnoxious, threatening, and criminals who, by your own admission, break the law and disrespect private property.

5) You try to invalidate my viewpoint by saying " But I get it that you get off on putting other people down.". I laugh at your weak attempt to discredit the reality of the situation and my stance. But in return? I'll say that you get off on regularly lying about the homeless issues you pretend to champion. And I say pretend because the reality, and we have over a decade of proof, is that your main goal is to see your name in print, not to help the homeless. And that you have a storied history of lying about facts to try to prove your point.'s very telling that more homeless people on this very website vilify you for using you for your selfish political vendetta than thank you for actually helping them.'s equally telling that you're considered a pariah by those who manage this sight, chastised by your partner for being a racist, and banned from several very liberal organizations; and in all cases you deny any responsibility.
by Sarah
Wednesday Mar 24th, 2010 7:48 PM
I'm confused by Becky's description of this pair. "When they have been spoken to harshly, they have responded with similar harsh language. I call that tit-for-tat and not even illegal. Most people who know the couple say that they are both very nice and good people."

I watched one day as a woman offered Miguel help when he was sleeping on the sidewalk. His response was to stand up, start screaming at her and call her a "fucking c*nt!" The woman was not harsh with him at all and did not deserve such a response. I think Becky is blinded to the truth about some of their actions. They might be nice in front of her, but Miguel can be a real jerk to everyone else.
by Dragon
Friday Mar 26th, 2010 9:52 AM
California has a referendum process. Why don't robert and Becky start a ballot intiative to put on the ballot to repeal the sleeping ban. Then we could see if the majority of the residents of Santa Cruz support the ban or not?
by Ben
Friday Mar 26th, 2010 11:06 AM
That's because it's easier to tell people what they should support then to actually find out what people want to support. Why put something up to a vote when you can take legal action in order to force people to do what you want? If this issue were put up to a vote, HUFF would not like the answer they receive. They'll just say that it proves "mob rule", followed by the obligatory "bigot" comments.
by Dragon
Friday Mar 26th, 2010 4:33 PM
I didn't know you were psychic Ben because that is exactly what I was thinking when I posted my question.
by Of a bum
Monday Mar 29th, 2010 7:09 PM
Standard operating procedure for Becky: She boldly challenges you, but ducks and covers when she realizes she's been outed on her lies and inaccuracies. (Particularly difficult to deny them when she regularly does so by contradicting herself in easily referenced articles.).

Nope, much easier to move on to a new thread about the same issue, as she's done here, and avoid the messy work of having to defend or prove her specious lies.

Carry on Becky, and thank you for the good laugh I got with Robert's romanticized recounting of your singing infranction in the latest post. *lol* It was truly a gut buster.
Plan to Install Fake Parking Meters to Help Homeless Actually Tricky Scheme to Establish 14 Foot Stay Away Zones – Stores Pay $500 for the Extra Protection

Pacific Avenue, the “mall” as it is known to the locals, appears to be straight out of Hollywood’s central casting, with wide tree lined sidewalks and shiny busy stores. Cars (usually) stop for the throngs of shoppers cascading into crosswalks, clutching ice creams cones and bags of loot piled onto credit cards.

Street performers sing and lurk on many corners. Some performers have Grammies. Others might be selling gram bags. Some might sing like angels, others not so much. And that is the epicenter of a war that is going on in Santa Cruz.

Some Pacific Avenue businesses do not appreciate the cadre of performers, hippies, panhandlers and wannabees that perform and bake in proximity to their front doors. As a result, the hammer of the State has been smashing hippies and homeless on the mall like a whack a mole out of control.

Long lists of laws have attempted to criminalize hanging out, singing, or being homeless on the mall. Downtown interests, backed by the police and members of the City Counsel claim that they need to keep the mall safe for the shoppers and strollers. Street performers have recently been put on trial for singing too loud.

Like an overzealous condo board, this sort of thing is expected from your garden-variety wannabe police state. A new scheme to keep the perceived riff-raff away however is so clever and ironic, that it deserves special mention.

The City of Santa Cruz has just begun installing vintage parking meters on the mall with the claimed goal to raise money to help the homeless. Instead of giving spare change to the homeless directly, pump your the spare change into the meter. The City will then collect that money and provide services to the homeless. This new law, dubbed “Imagine Positive Change” was passed by the Santa Cruz City Counsel on April 13, 2010.

One obvious goal is cutting off direct money to the panhandlers and street performers. This writer further notes this to be a Trojan horse of greater trickery, and a new police enforcement tool.

Panhandling and sitting will be banned within 14 feet of the faux parking meters. Political tabling will be banned within 10 feet of the faux parking meters. That’s because the meters are deemed public art, which Santa Cruz protects under the 14-foot stay away forbidden zone. It is now expected that these meters will be installed along the mall, in front of businesses that do not want people hanging out nearby.

More skeptical or jaded voices (ok this author) also opine this has the hue of a shakedown. Any business could sponsor a faux meter in front of its business for $500. It’s akin to the police offering protection to that business for an extra “donation.”

Yet another view is that money can buy you an extra set of laws for protection. A wealthier business spends the $500. The less affluent business can expect to receive the less vocally trained visitors. It also has a whiff of a tax (stated just to get the few republicans in the area angry also). In any event, this faux meter plan does not appear transparent.

The plan purports to offer a revenue source to help the homeless. In fact, it is a scheme to caste aside people central casting consider extras in this drama we call a community. (© Herman I. Kalfen, JD, REA, NAEP - April 18, 2010)

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