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The Palestinian Elections: Turnout high in rural areas
by ALJ
Sunday Jan 9th, 2005 9:40 AM
Thousands of Palestinians, defying the grim reality of Israeli occupation, have been converging on polling stations in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to elect a new president.
Whoever emerges victorious will succeed Yasir Arafat, the Palestinian Authority chairman who died of an unknown illness on 11 November last year at a French military hospital.

Turnout in Sunday's election has been remarkably high in the rural areas but relatively low in some towns, including Hebron in the southern West Bank.

Palestinian electoral officials and observers said they expected the boycott call by Hamas and like-minded groups to have some impact in several areas considered Islamist strongholds.

According to official sources, the turnout in Hebron didn't exceed 13% by 2pm local time (1200 GMT).

Hebron, together with the surrounding smaller towns and villages that constitute Hebron district, has a population of close to half a million, or one fourth of the total population of the entire West Bank.

Voters' expectations

In rural towns, such as Dura, and contiguous villages and hamlets, the turnout has been significantly higher, reaching nearly 50% in some localities by 2pm.

Palestinian officials and pollsters said they expected a high turnout, possibly approaching 65%, which they believe would serve Fatah candidate and election front-runner Mahmud Abbas.

On Sunday toured several polling stations in the southern West Bank, listening to voters' impressions and expectations.

Muhammad Sayid al-Suyuri, a 60-year-retiree who had worked in Saudi Arabia for over 20 years, said, "We hope that he [the next president] will be able to improve our economic conditions, maybe give us free electricity, free education and free water."

'Not by elections'

Others, such as Ahmad Darawish, a 73-year-old farmer from Dura, said the act of holding the election was good enough. "A people who don't elect their leaders and rulers freely are slaves or even worse," he said.

"From now on, Arab peoples around us need not learn democracy from the west. They can learn it from us."

However, Darawish conceded that no matter how democratic the Palestinian political system, it wouldn't do much to liberate the people from Israeli occupation.

In some localities, such as Khursa, 46km south of Jerusalem, Fatah activists were spotted bringing elderly people to the local polling station and encouraging them to vote for the movement's candidate, Abu Mazin.

Case for boycott

Altercations between Fatah supporters and those backing independent candidate Mustafa Barghuthi reportedly broke out in some villages.

In no area, however, shouting matches are known to have degenerated into violent clashes.

For all the enthusiasm and festive atmosphere, many eligible voters have boycotted the election, either in deference to Hamas' call to that effect or because they don't think that the election will palpably improve the overall political situation.

Among them is Ali Hijjah, a construction worker from Khursa.

In his view, neither Abbas nor any other candidate will be able extract "anything from the stingy Sharon".

"I am not against democracy," he said. "The Arab world needs democracy, but this election under the Israeli occupation is like placing the carriage before the horse."

Deceived again

Hijjah cited another reason for boycotting the vote.

"I am convinced that Abu Mazin would retain the same corrupt people who stole millions from the people, and in case he tried to remove them, let alone prosecute them for their crimes, they might very well kill him," he said.

Another Palestinian who did not cast his ballot, Abd al-Karim Titi, of the Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron, said Palestinians are being deceived once again.

"In 1995, every Palestinian thought he would obtain a brand new car and be able to build an elegant red-tiled villa. I am afraid we are about to suffer the same nightmare again, this time under Abu Mazin instead of Arafat," he said.

Western observers from North America and Europe apart, delegates from several Arab countries, notably Egypt and Jordan, are on hand in the West Bank and Gaza Strip to monitor the election and ensure its transparency.

No major problems

Shireen Abu Akla, Aljazeera's correspondent, reports quoting the Palestinian central election commission, that voting has been smooth and turnout high in Tulkarim, the Jenin refugee camp and Nablus, all in the West Bank.

Foreign election monitors expect the number of voters to increase in the next several hours.

However, there were reports of problems, Shireen Abu Akla said, from Jenin, arising from the use of civic registers to verify the identity of some citizens who decided to cast their ballots at the last moment. Apparently, they could not find their names or locate the correct polling stations.

In another case, voters in Bita village contacted Aljazeera's correspondent to complain about the travel restrictions imposed by temporary roadblocks erected by Israeli forces.

In Tulkarim, such roadblocks were placed early in the morning but this did not appear to deter Palestinian voters.

Foreign observers told Shireen Abu Akla they had not received any reports of any major problems faced by voters.

Role model

Some say Palestinian democracy
will be an inspiration for all Arabs
Also on Sunday, a large Jordanian delegation, headed by former prime minister Abd al-Salam al-Majali, toured polling stations in the Hebron area.

A member of his group, Khaldun al-Nasir, head of the nationalist centre-right Al-Ahad Party, told that the Palestinian elections were very important for the consolidation of democracy throughout the Arab world.

"You people here are practising democracy under the most difficult conditions because of the repugnant Israeli occupation. This in itself should earn you the admiration and respect of the entire world," al-Nasir said.

"Nobody can belittle this election. In time all Arabs will learn from you and democracy will spread eventually, maybe slowly but definitely."
by more
Sunday Jan 9th, 2005 9:41 AM
Key Players

Mahmud Abbas (Fatah Movement)

Fatah's candidate, Mahmud Abbas, is said to be a proven leader who understands what it takes to build a government and to line up the various Palestinian factions through diplomacy.

A long-term Palestinian Authority stalwart, Abbas, who is also chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), is the man being tipped to revive the peace process and is favoured by Washington as a potential peacemaker with Israel.

Abbas, also known by as Abu Mazin, is often counted as a moderate who would rescue the peace process.

He became the first Palestinian prime minister in 2003, but resigned five moths later after realising that Arafat would not relinquish his powers.

Despite his repeated calls for the demilitarisation of the Palestinian uprising against the occupation, Abbas is said to qualify his condemnations as a tactical rather than a moral stand.

Abbas is the overwhelming favourite to win the election as nothing is threatening to rock the boat, especially after the pullout of the jailed Marwan al-Barghuthi, one of the most popular candidates.

Mustafa al-Barghuthi (Independent)

Human-rights activist and secretary of the Palestinian National Initiative, Dr Mustafa al-Barghuthi, is said to be the next most popular candidate for the presidency.

The independent candidate al-Barghuthi announced his candidacy for Palestinian Authority president on 27 November 2004, promising total and complete reform, a fight against any form of corruption and mismanagement, and the consolidation of the rule of law.

An active participant in the building of a democratic Palestinian civil society, al-Barghuthi was detained and manhandled by Israeli soldiers at a checkpoint between Jenin and Nablus in the West Bank on 9 December 2004.

He says he represents the "silent majority" of Palestinian reformists, but recent surveys have placed him far behind Abbas, scoring between 6% and 14%.

Bassam al-Salhi (Palestine People's Party)

Bassam al-Salhi will be running for elections as leader of the Palestine People's Party, a small PLO faction with communist roots.

Al-Salhi was detained at the al-Ram checkpoint near Jerusalem after being refused permission to enter the holy city during his campaign.

Al-Salhi is the second presidential contender to have been detained by Israeli security forces since the start of the campaign, marring the election of a successor to the late Palestinian president Yasir Arafat.

Born in the Al-Amari refugee camp in 1960, al-Salhi was jailed by Israeli authorities several times in the 1980s and 1990s for his role in the Palestinian resistance.

Taysir Khalid (Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine)

Taysir Khalid joined the Marxist-Leninist group of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) in 1969, after splitting from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.

The DFLP's goals are revolutionary change in the Arab world and solidarity with all national liberation movements that oppose imperialism and racism.

Khalid was elected to the PLO Executive Committee in 1991, but quit two years later to protest against the Oslo Accords negotiated between the PLO and Israel.

Other candidates:

Abd al-Karim Shabiar (Independent).
Abd al-Halim al-Ashqar (Independent).
Sayid Baraka (Independent)