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Jailed leader Marwan Barghouti may stand for president
The Palestinian leader Marwan Barghouti is planning to stand for election for the presidency from his Israeli prison cell, according to his supporters.
If he won, it would represent a powerful propaganda coup: the elected leader of the Palestinians kept in an Israeli jail. His supporters hope that such a victory could act as a lever for his release but an Israeli government official said this week it will not free a man serving five life sentences for organising attacks on Israelis.
Mr Barghouti, 45, was one of the leaders in the West Bank of Fatah, the secular fighting and political organisation and the dominant force in Palestinian life, during the first 18 months of the uprising until arrested by the Israelis when they occupied Ramallah in 2002. He is held in isolation in Beersheva.
His wife, Fadwa, said: "He spends 23 hours in his cell and one hour in a covered courtyard with his legs and hands chained. His health was bad before he went to prison and is worse now."
His only contact with the world is speaking through a peephole to his lawyer, who takes messages to the family and political contacts. "I have not seen him for two and a half years," Fadwa, a lawyer who lives in Ramallah, said.
Mr Barghouti, born and raised in the West Bank, is one of a new, younger generation of Palestinian politicians. His popularity comes mainly from his visible presence in the streets during fighting with the Israelis. That popularity increased with his defiance in the Israeli court trying him in Tel Aviv, which he refused to recognise.
According to a poll conducted by Bir Zeit university in September, Mr Arafat received 46% support, with Mr Barghouti on 12%, and two leaders of the Islamist organisation Hamas, Mahmoud Azzahar and Ismaiel Haneyah, on 9% and 8%. The prime minister, Ahmed Qureia, and Mahmoud Abbas, the new chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, hovered around 1%. With Arafat removed from the poll and the question restricted to Mr Barghouti and two other leaders, Mr Barghouti scored 51%, in both the West Bank and Gaza.
The Israeli government wants Mr Qureia or Mr Abbas to succeed Mr Arafat. An Israeli government official said that if the Palestinians voted overwhelmingly for Mr Barghouti, Israel would take it as a sign they were not yet ready for peace.