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Iraq | International

Al-Sadr orders handover of disputed Iraqi shrine to Shiite leaders
by update
Thursday Aug 19th, 2004 7:18 PM
NAJAF, Iraq (AP) - Radical Iraqi Shiite Muslim cleric Muqtada al-Sadr ordered his fighters Thursday to hand control of a revered Najaf shrine to top Shiite religious authorities, hours after U.S. forces bombed militant positions and Iraq's prime minister made a "final call" for the cleric's militia to surrender.

Blasts and gunbattles persisted throughout the day Thursday in the streets of Najaf, where militants bombarded a police station with mortar rounds, killing seven police and injuring 35 others. At night, at least 30 explosions shook the Old City, as a U.S. plane hit militant targets east of the Imam Ali shrine.

U.S. forces also battled al-Sadr's supporters in a Baghdad slum, where militants said five fighters and five civilians were killed. Also, late Thursday, a U.S. plane bombed targets in the Sunni city Fallujah, 65 kilometres west of Baghdad.

Insurgents fired back mortars toward a U.S. base as calls of "God is Great" and Quranic verses blared from the loudspeakers of Fallujah's mosques. U.S. forces have routinely bombed targets in the city it said are strongholds of Sunni insurgents believed responsible for violence against coalition troops, Iraqi forces and civilians.

Militants elsewhere in Iraq attacked oil facilities in the north and south, fired mortars at U.S. Embassy offices in the capital, injuring one American and threatened to kill two hostages, a Turkish worker and a U.S. journalist.

In a speech, interim prime minister Ayad Allawi warned the radical cleric to disarm his forces and withdraw from the shrine after his government threatened to send a massive Iraqi force to root them out.

Defying that ultimatum, al-Sadr sent a telephone text message threatening to seek "martyrdom or victory" and his jubilant followers inside the shrine danced and chanted.

Later in the day, a top al-Sadr aide said the cleric had ordered his militia to relinquish control of the shrine where they have been holed up for two weeks fighting Iraqi and U.S. forces. But in a letter shown by the Arab television station Al-Arabiya, al-Sadr said he would not disband his Al Mahdi Army.

Al-Sadr had said in recent days he wanted to make sure the shrine was in the custody of religious authorities, though it was unclear if the government would agree to that.

The violence in the holy city between the insurgents and a combined U.S.-Iraqi force has angered many in Iraq's Shiite majority and proven a major challenge to Allawi's fledgling interim government as it tries to build credibility and prove it is not a U.S. puppet.

Any raid to oust militants from the Imam Ali shrine -especially one that damaged the holy site -could spark a far larger Shiite uprising. Government accusations that militants have mined the shrine compound and reports women and children were among those inside could further complicate a raid.

Some of those in the compound were "dancing and cheering," a CNN journalist reported from inside the shrine, where she was among journalists escorted there with help from the Iraqi government, the U.S. military and al-Sadr's Mahdi Army.

http://www.canada.com/ottawa/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=cdf42bfb-fadf-44bf-8e99-18a71e38b49d

Explosions near Najaf's Imam Ali mosque

Najaf - "Massive" explosions were heard in the old quarter of Najaf as reports emerged that Shia leader Muqtada al-Sadr had ordered the Mahdi Army to leave the holy shrines.

The reports indicated that the militia were to relinquish control of the Imam Ali mosque to Shia religious authorities.

Ows al-Khafaji, an al-Sadr office director, confirmed the report in a telephone interview with Aljazeera.

He also appealed to the Vatican to urgently intervene to prevent a "massacre at a holy shrine".

Never the less, fighting in the mainly Shia city continued unabated. Aljazeera reported that an intense artillery barrage, hit the cemetery, the old sectors of the city, and around the Imam Ali mosque in the early hours of Friday morning.

Reuters reported that US AC-130 gunships may have also taken part in the latest attack on the city.

The escalation in military activity in the city came hours after interim Prime Minister Iyad Allawi issued "a final call" to Shia leader Muqtada al-Sadr to withdraw his besieged fighters.

"This is the final call for them to disarm, vacate the holy shrine, engage in political work and consider the interests of the homeland," Allawi said in Baghdad, referring to the militia.

Earlier, Apache helicopters backed US tanks and marines besieging the Imam Ali mosque complex where al-Sadr's militiamen have been entrenched.

Thick smoke rose over the district as gunfire and explosions reverberated around the mosque. But the fighting eased after about an hour, suggesting an all-out assault is yet to come.

The refusal of al-Mahdi Army's fighters to surrender their encircled position poses a dilemma for Allwai and his US backers. The Imam Ali mosque site is widely revered, especially by Shia believers, and a US-led attack on it risks inflaming Muslim opinion inside Iraq and beyond.

Elsewhere in the city, eight people were killed, at least five of them policemen, and dozens wounded when mortar bombs struck the city's police headquarters, officials said.

US aircraft also bombed the Dawha Hotel in Najaf but there were no immediate report of casualties.

The upsurge in fighting came within an hour of an announcement by a senior al-Sadr aide rejecting an ultimatum from the interim government for the Shia leader to withdraw his forces from Najaf and disband his militia.

The head of al-Sadr's office in the southern Iraqi city of Nasiriya, Aus al-Khafaji, told Aljazeera that the Shia leader had refused to accept a list of tough conditions set out a few hours earlier by Minister of State Kasim Daud.

But al-Sadr's spokesman from Najaf, Shaikh Ahmad al-Shaibani, told Aljazeera his movement still sought to finalise a peace agreement with the government.

Speaking earlier in Najaf, Daud, announced "final-hour conditions" that he said the Shia leader had to meet and warned that "military action is imminent".

Effectively calling for a complete surrender, Daud said al-Sadr would be required to announce in person at a press conference that he would disband the al-Mahdi Army.

Al-Sadr would also be required to hand over the militia's weapons held anywhere in Iraq, permanently renounce violence and release all detainees, including Iraqi police, soldiers and national guardsmen, "otherwise the coming hours will be decisive".

Iraqi government officials have dismissed as "trickery" calls from al-Sadr for a negotiated settlement, saying their patience has been exhausted.

But al-Sadr aides say the Shia leader has already accepted a peace deal brokered by a delegation sent by the Iraqi National Conference earlier in the week, saying that the interim government of Prime Minister Iyyad Allawi was blocking the accord.

"We have been preparing for a military offensive for five days to put an end to this crisis," Daud said.

But such an attack on Najaf's Old City – which houses the revered Imam Ali mosque and shrine – remains highly controversial. Recent fighting in the area has inflamed Muslim opinion across the region, especially among Shia believers who view the site as sacred.

The presence of US forces in such an offensive on a revered Muslim site is seen as especially inflammatory, prompting the Iraqi government to insist its own troops will lead any attack.

US marines and tanks have been positioned within 200 metres of the Imam Ali mosque for several days.

A mortar attack on a police station elsewhere in the city on Thursday killed five people and wounded 21 others, police said. -- Al Jazeera

http://www.brudirect.com/DailyInfo/News/Archive/Aug04/200804/wn05.htm