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Indybay Feature

Homeless attacks in Fresno continue

by Mike Rhodes (MikeRhodes [at] Comcast.net)
This is an updated story on the attacks on the homeless taking place in Fresno
tent_550.jpg
HOMELESS ATTACKED IN FRESNO
By Mike Rhodes
February 15, 2004

In a coordinated multi-agency attack on homeless encampments earlier this month, the City of Fresno destroyed tents and other shelters used by the homeless in this community. Reversing a policy implemented a couple of months ago, the Fresno Police Department (FPD) has returned to the tactic of not allowing the homeless to build any permanent structures. With thousands of homeless on the streets in Fresno, and homeless shelters able to provide only a couple hundred beds, a majority of the homeless have been turned into criminals. If you are homeless and can’t get into a shelter, you are breaking the law if you try to sleep anywhere in this city. This new policy penalizes the homeless and criminalizes poverty.

This most recent attack on the homeless is part of an ongoing effort by the City of Fresno to harass the homeless and remove them from sight. Mayor Alan Autry recently pushed a plan to move the homeless social service agencies out of the downtown area. He wanted to provide land where the Poverello House and Rescue Mission could move, which is in an isolated industrial section south of downtown. There have also been public service announcements telling the community not to give money to the homeless, an ordinance that makes it illegal to panhandle, and the constant harassment of the homeless in the downtown core.

What is going on here? Why are the poor and homeless being harassed and is there anything we can do about it? The most recent attack (Wednesday, February 4, 2004) took place amid considerable media coverage. Spokespersons for the FPD and the Poverello House explained that the homeless encampment on Santa Clara Street had gotten out of hand. The drugs, violence, and criminal activity had to be stopped. When the police suspect criminal activity is taking place in an area, whether it be the homeless encampment on Santa Clara Street or the upscale River Park shopping center, what is the first thing they ought to do? That’s right, bring in the bulldozers. Everyone knows that the River Park shopping center in Fresno is a magnet for shoplifting and car theft, and that drugs have been sold on the premises, so naturally the response from the police ought to be similar: raid the location, remove all the people, and bring in the bulldozers.

Although other tactics were chosen to deal with the crime problems at River Park, the police descended on the Santa Clara encampment shortly after daybreak on February 4, in a highly coordinated multi-agency attack. In a show of overwhelming force, the FPD arrived in squad cars, on bikes, and in plain clothes. After securing the area with road blocks, they brought in the Fire Department and extinguished the fires that provided the homeless with the only heat they had. Following the police and the fire departments were the sanitation workers wearing face masks, bright orange vests, and rubber gloves. Behind them was the bulldozer that lifted whole tents, including all of the owners’ possessions, and dropped the material into the waiting garbage trucks. It was an efficient and unstoppable operation. The few homeless people who tried to resist were descended upon by government agents who forced them out of their tents.

One African American veteran in a wheelchair held out the longest. But he too was dragged out, and his tent was destroyed with all the rest. Members of the media were assured—and they dutifully reported— that all of the homeless were not being left out in the cold on this freezing February day. The Poverello House, it was explained, had opened up a new facility that will house all of the homeless willing to follow their simple rules: no drugs, no alcohol, in by 5 PM, and out by 7 AM. The new tents at the Poverello House are surrounded by a chain-link fence; guards stand at the entrance, and residents are required to have a photo ID. Some of the homeless did not find the Poverello House solution to their liking. Dontae Johnson, who is homeless in downtown Fresno, said, “I think it's a control issue. They know that it scares you—you may have done time, had warrants, and they use that against you.” Some of the homeless referred to the new facility as a pen or a concentration camp. In any event, the new Poverello House slept only 47 people on the first night. They might increase that to 75 in the near future. In the meantime, there are about 1,500 homeless people in downtown Fresno. You do the math.

But even if the City of Fresno did clear the homeless off of Santa Clara Street because of the crime, that would not explain why CalTrans swept a community of about 50 homeless people out of their encampment at the exact same time. The H Street encampment was clean, and drugs and criminal activity were not allowed. In many ways, this was a model community for the homeless. Erick Grove, a resident of the H Street encampment, said, “We can actually build another organization to take care of all the extras and give the people something they need. Some need mental health resources, some need a program, some just need housing. As families, we're sticking together to make it happen, the city has recognized it. They say they are coming down here to help, but they do the opposite. We've taken care of crime. We've stopped a lot of crime in this area; it's about taking care of our brothers and sisters.”

José L. Camarena, from the Caltrans Office of Public Information said that the clearing of the H Street encampment “was in conjunction with the City of Fresno, City of Fresno Police Department and the CHP. The City of Fresno was the lead agency in this exercise and was also involved with the simultaneous activities at the Santa Clara location.” Camarena further explained that “many of these individuals were trespassing on State Right-of-Way and the State could be liable in some circumstances for their actions and debris used as shelters.”

A 2002 study showed that there are 16,000 homeless people in Fresno County. Some of the reasons for the large number of homeless people in this area are:

* President Bush’s economic policies
* chronic double-digit unemployment in the Central Valley
* rising housing prices
* untreated mental health issues
* drug and alcohol abuse
* lifestyle choices.

The reasons for the ongoing attacks against the homeless in Fresno are equally complex. The push by the mayor to move the homeless out of the downtown core is tied in with his effort to re-develop the area. That is why the FPD’s policy has been to push the homeless south of Ventura Avenue. One theory is that the policy to allow the building of encampments on Santa Clara Street was to encourage the homeless to stay in that area and out of the re-development zone. The problem was that the encampment grew so big and the homeless became too visible—they became a political liability. Therefore, the encampment had to be destroyed before there was a community of thousands of people, possibly named Autryville.

Another theory is that this latest attack was instigated because the homeless agencies themselves want to be seen as the solution to the homeless problem. The federal government has just given $4.4 million to local nonprofit groups working on homeless issues. If the homeless are organizing themselves into independent self-sufficient communities, there could be a problem with justifying future funding. Agencies sometimes have a self-perpetuating aspect that is not always in the best interest of their clients or the community at large. Did this dynamic lead to the Poverello House to work hand in glove with the FPD to destroy the homeless encampments. Or, is the reason the homeless were removed because the encampments were bad for these groups image? As one social service worker said: “The Poverello and the Mission don't exactly want them putting up the camps next door because it points out very clearly that those organizations are the draw for the homeless to congregate which flies in the face of their argument with the City that the Poverello and the Mission are the answer not part of the problem.”

There were meetings that occurred before the bulldozers moved in. These meetings, which consisted of representatives from the Poverello House, FPD, the City of Fresno, and possibly other groups, made the decision about clearing the homeless from their encampments. As one (anonymous) homeless advocate said to me, “Yeah, I know about this and the (deleted) was NOT invited in on this. This is a Poverello/City of Fresno/ Fresno PD group with a few homeless (maybe) thrown in. I think this is the city's attempt to ‘deal with’ poor folk (get rid of 'em, cage 'em up) with Poverello being the "official" agency to carry out the wishes of the city "fathers" (the haves). It is all too conspiratorial for me.”

Edie Jessup, who works for Fresno Metro Ministry, says that “there is money out there to address the homeless issue. What is needed is a comprehensive, 24 hour supervised shelter for both single adults and families with all the wrap around services to get folks into permanent housing. That would include medical, mental health substance abuse treatment services and job training. There should be a separate medical detox available. What we have is far from what we need in Fresno. Now is when we need to mobilize the solution and garner the resources to provide a continuum of services for the homeless.”

She fears that the funding available is being poorly used..Jessup said, "Fresno County has run out of FEMA money in September for the last three years. FEMA emergency shelter funds are mostly all distributed through the Salvation Army for rent/mortgage to keep people in their housing before they lose it and very little is spent on 'emergency shelter' for those on the street already, because there isn't enough. Meanwhile, the city-county and some community based organizations spend shelter money by putting people up in ratty-appearing hotel rooms for four nights, at the nearly the cost of a whole month’s rent, further expending money only to support bad housing at exorbitant cost, far from services that might help people get back on their feet or feed their kids.”

Jessup continues, “It is a shameful way for a large metropolis to handle few resources. Part of the problem, in addition to others, is that all services for the homeless shouldn't be 'faith-based'; there needs to be a variety of services addressing the needs of the homeless, not tied to a particular faith path, and based on best practices from around the nation.. The existing shelters do good but limited work, and it results in turf wars. That people have to leave shelter during the day and line up nightly for a bed, and then be turned away without a place to go, makes tent cities emerge. To engage the police and criminalize the homeless is the worst. Exposing the lack of appropriate services for such a huge number of people is righteous. Fresno should be ashamed. Perhaps Amnesty International should swoop in? Or, we should get serious now, and create the best shelter system that creates the services that will result in good health and the highest degree of independence possible for the homeless in Fresno. We should act like the big city we are, and solve this with dignity for our homeless neighbors, while respecting their rights, and use available federal funds to accomplish this NOW.”

The reasons why the homeless are under attack right now are complex and there are no easy solutions. One thing for sure is that the homeless are an easy target because they don’t have political strength and are not organized to defend their interests. When their encampments were destroyed, all the homeless could do was move on and try to keep out of sight. If the progressive community in Fresno had risen up and stood with the homeless, it is unlikely that the FPD would have destroyed the encampment. Another strategy would have been to pack up the encampment the night before it was scheduled to be destroyed and march to City Hall. The tent city could have been reconstructed on the lawn in front of the mayors office. If that had been done, the plight of the homeless in this community would have been impossible to ignore.

The homeless in this community need to be treated with dignity and respect. They deserve adequate social services to treat their drug and alcohol addiction problems. Health professionals need to treat those homeless people afflicted with mental illness and shelter must be provided for those in need. Housing and health care is a human right, not a privilege for the wealthy.

###

Grassroots Community Groups working on the homeless issue in Fresno:

Food Not Bombs
2925 N Jackson
Fresno, CA 93703
Ph. (559) 266-5305 or 452-0277 (ask for Dallas)
fresnofnb [at] yahoo.com
http://www.fresnoalliance.com/FNB

The Sleeping Bag Project
727 W. Yale Ave.
Fresno, CA 93705
Ph. (559) 441-1787
imajean2 [at] hotmail.com

St. Benedict Catholic Worker
4022 N Cheryl
Fresno, CA 93705Ph. (559) 229-6410
PaxOSB [at] aol.com
http://www.stbencatholicworker.org
Add Your Comments

Comments (Hide Comments)
by Dan
This is a complicated situation. Both the Rescue Mission and Poverello House have been the targets of heavy criticism, the perception being that they are part of the problem, not part of the solution. Mayor Autry has repeatedly said that if someone wants help, the City will assist, but "if you've come to Fresno to be on the street and die, you're not welcome and you best move on."

The panhandling ordinance mentioned in the article is aimed at "aggressive" or in-your-face panhandling. That had become a huge problem in the Tower District (I was confronted by angry panhandlers who became threatening when I declined to finance them on several occasions -- one gentleman pulled a knife on me and I had to chase him off with my Club anti-theft device; another threatened to smash my truck windows). The Poverello endorsed the ordinance, saying that giving money to panhandlers was "enabling" them.

Shortly before the Santa Clara encampment was removed, the widow of a man who died of a drug overdose wrote a letter which was printed in The Fresno Bee. In it, the woman said the Mission and the Poverello needed to be gotten out of town; that they knowingly allowed drug sales to go on and that her husband had died as the result. I personally believe that may have been the thing that triggered the police action. That and the open alcohol and drug use and prostitution in the area, which was mentioned in an earlier posting by Mike Rhodes (something about being told by some of the homeless that he had no business in the area unless he was looking for drugs or a hooker).
by look at what you've said
"The panhandling ordinance mentioned in the article is aimed at "aggressive" or in-your-face panhandling. That had become a huge problem in the Tower District (I was confronted by angry panhandlers who became threatening when I declined to finance them on several occasions -- one gentleman pulled a knife on me and I had to chase him off with my Club anti-theft device; another threatened to smash my truck windows). The Poverello endorsed the ordinance, saying that giving money to panhandlers was "enabling" them"

Please look at what you wrote. First you demonstrated the problem that occurs when you subsidize bad behavior. The recipients begin to feel that they ar entitled to your hard earned money and when cut off that flow, the turned and attacked you. Eventually any subsidy to any group to support their dysfunctional behavior will result in this reaction when the money tap is threatened. You experienced it on a personal level. Then you appear to be critizing the Poverello house for endorsing the ordinance, questioning their reasoning, but you've come to same conclussion yourself, on a personal level.

"The widow of a man who died of a drug overdose wrote a letter which was printed in The Fresno Bee. In it, the woman said the Mission and the Poverello needed to be gotten out of town; that they knowingly allowed drug sales to go on and that her husband had died as the result"

This is an unfortunate thing to have happened and I will try to be sympathetic as much as possible, but that man died as a result of his own dyfunctional behavior. An addict will get his drugs anyway he can. He will lie, cheat and steal, even from his own mother. Looking to blame an addicts death on some third party is really shifting the issue. People need to be responsible for their own actions. Drug addiction and alchoholism are the two biggest contributing factors to homelessness. Blaming someone else for your irresponsible choices in life will not do you any good.
by Dan
Point of fact was, I was not criticizing the Poverello for endorsing the ordinance; rather, I was reporting why the organization supported it. I believe Poverello was one of the groups that urged the City to put such an ordinance in place.

As for the letter to the Bee. I direct the poster to the Bee's archives at http://www.fresnobee.com. I was summarizing the main points of the letter as they might have related to the City's decision to clear the Santa Clara encampment out. Sounds like this poster may have some issues.
by Dan
The non-profits that attempt to help the homeless, like the Rescue Mission and the Poverello, operate at the sufferance of the City of Fresno.

What does this mean? It means that agencies like the Mission and Poverello do not have an absolute "right" to operate. They're subject to zoning laws and City planning ordinances. The fact the City may have "overlooked" certain things (I'm NOT saying the City has, only "what if") does not mean it has to forever.

The City could come in and say, "you have created an attractive nuisence with your operation, so we are going to close you down." The non-profits probably have to stay on the good side of the City in order to continue to provide services.

The mayor has, in the past, linked the Rescue Mission to "the problem" rather than "the solution." That, along with his opposition to a drug rehab Cornerstone Church attempted to open in the old Vagabond Lodge on Broadway (sans permits from the city) earned Bubba the ire of conservative Christians in town. After the City ordered Cornerstone to stop work on Broadway, Autry was accused of "harassing" evangelical Christians.

On the other hand, Autry has been silent about Poverello House. I find the recent "partnership" between the Mission, the Pov and the City rather interesting and wonder if this is Autry's way of making peace with the evangelicals yet leaving options open for moving the providers completely out of downtown as has been proposed by him and councilmember Jerry Duncan in the recent past.

The police department has had a "partnership" with evangelical Christians for years. Care Fresno was developed on Chief Ed Winchester's watch, and has been funded with Community Development Block Grant monies by the City.

My opinion (and that's all it is) is that the providers may feel they're on thin ice with the City, and it behooves them to be cooperative.
by Mike Rhodes
Would you like to tell the mayor or City Council members of Fresno how you feel about this attack on the homeless? To get phone, fax, and email information go to: http://www.fresnoalliance.com/officials/council.htm
by Gigahertz Inc.
http://www.SpareSomeChange.com is the homelessness search engine & poverty portal where you can find resources by state or custom query. Please give this web address to panhandlers and homeless people (they can use free computer/internet at the library). Also, please submit any homeless related websites/URLs so that others may find the help that they need.

http://www.CrisisSearch.com is the disaster search engine (sometimes people are left homeless after natural disaster, war, poverty/fammine or house fires).

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