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The Importance of the Civil Rights Movement
The civil rights movement wanted to change society for better treatment for black people.
November 4, 2012
The Importance of Civil Rights Movement
Black people wanted to change the way they were treated through
the Civil Rights Movement. Black people wanted to be able to sit where
they please on the bus instead of in the back like the law suggested.
Also they wanted to be able to use any bathroom, school, drinking
fountain, or restaurant they desired. They also wanted to have equal
rights to have the same chance as a white person would receive for
applying for a job. This all means they wanted to stop being treated
inferior by Jim Crow Laws. Jim Crow laws segregated black people.
Civil Rights Movement shows through Montgomery boycott, little rock
nine, and freedom ride that black people wanted a change to the way
there treated by changing society.
Rosa Parks is a 42-year-old black woman who boarded a
Montgomery city bus from work on December 1, 1955. She sat near the
middle of the bus, behind ten seats that are for white people. All the
seats soon became filled and when a white man entered the bus, the
driver told Mrs. Parks to give up her seat for the man. She refused to
give up her seat. “When I made that decision ” she said later “I knew
that I had the strength of my ancestors with me.” (pg.1 from henry ford
article) She was arrested and convicted by Jim Crow laws. Once this
happened, local civil rights activists boycotted the Montgomery bus
system. Black people made up seventy percent of the riders in
Montgomery; the boycott is a threat to the economy. The boycott lasted
381 days. On December 1956, the U.S. supreme court ruled that
Montgomery buses is integrated. The Montgomery boycott pushed for
change on the way black passengers were treated on the Montgomery
bus system and Rosa Parks started the change.
The U.S. Supreme Court made the decision to desegregate schools
in the Arkansas nation on May 17, 1954. In 1957 nine black students
enrolled in Little Rock Central High School, which is an all white school.
There were protests that physically blocked the nine black students
from entering the school. The entire Arkansas National Guard had to
protect the black students from entering the school. The nine black
students were verbally and physically abused. One of the black students
had acid thrown into her eyes. Another student said, “I was one of the
kids approved by the school officials. We were told we would have to
take a lot and were warned not to fight back if anything happened.”(pg.
2 from wiki website) The little rock nine pushed for change in the way
public high schools treated black students.
In December 1960, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of integrated
travel on interstate travel on buses and trains. On May 4, 1961 the
freedom riders were formed who planned to ride through Virginia, the
Carolinas, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. Their final destination is
New Orleans, Louisiana. The riders were attacked when they reached
Alabama by an angry mob. Windows were broken, tires were slashed,
and the mob set the bus on fire. The next day the freedom riders tried
their mission again. The police escorted them through Alabama, but
when they reached Montgomery the police disappeared and they were
attacked again. The cops made no arrest that day. A freedom rider
William Barbee said, “As soon as we’ve recovered from this, we’ll start
again.”(pg. 4 from freedom rides of 1961) More people joined freedom
riders in Montgomery and they continued their journey to Mississippi.
They stopped in Jackson, Mississippi to use the restrooms for whites
only, and they were arrested to a brutal prison. The prison tried to
break them down, but they emerged from prison unbroken. The
freedom riders shows that they wanted to change the treatment they
receive from white people for being part of an integrated bus. It showed
courage toward this change to face a violent mob and be held in brutal
prison while not being broken. The freedom riders challenge
segregation in the Deep South.
The Civil Rights Movement changed the treatment received to
black people by changing society. Rosa parks ended the segregation
against black people on the bus. Little Rock Nine began the beginning
for black students attending all white schools. The freedom riders
showed the first group that is integrated for inter state travel on trains
and buses. Black people began a change in the treatment they received
because of these events, which changed society. Jim Crow laws became
abolished in 1975, which means that the Civil Rights Movement gave the
change in society black people wanted. This wouldn’t have happened if
it weren’t for the Civil Rights Movement changing society for black
My name is Andrew Elsonbaty. I attend Sonoma State University. I’m a sociology major that wants a profession as a social worker. I enjoy many hobbies such as making music, karate, lifting weights, reading, and dancing.
November 4, 2012