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new formations of the Shining Path emerged in the Andes jungles
In recent years, attacks escalated against the Peruvian army by a new formation of the Shining Path, the Communist Party of Peru (CPP) (Maoist). Long believed to fade away after the capture of Abimael Guzmán (Chairmen Gonzalo) and other top leader from the CPP Central Committee in 1993, the Shining Path has surprisingly gained force and weapons. They recently led attacks on the local police and military in the Andes jungles and in the Ayacucho and Junin provinces.
Numbered between 500 to 600 men strong, the new formation of the CPP is organized in the classic militaristic theory of “Protected War,” developed by Mao Tsedong. Hiding in the jungles of Peru and recruiting peasants, the Shining Path has been regaining control over small parts of the Andes, while building base areas. Mao’s militaristic theories, influenced by Daoism and breaking with former Marxist ideals, have looked at militaristic attacks and territory as a flow of movement.
The Peruvian military, under the pretext of fighting the drug trade and the guerrillas, has launched a military offensive against the peasants living in areas around the Andes Jungles. In a report by human right organizations, Peruvian militaristic personal are accused of assassinating civilians, raping, and burning of food crops. The charge that movements who oppose America’s imperialistic plans are part of the drug trade is used to justify attacks and giving financial support to dictatorial regimes. In the case of Peru, funds are allocated to the Peruvian Military and its death squads. Alberto Fujimori, former president of Peru during the height of activities and offensive by the Shining Pass, is now standing trial for his involvement with the killing of dozens of civilians by Peruvian death squads.
In a document outlining the new political line of the CPP, the group has criticized the people’s war in the 80’s and former chairmen Gonzalo is criticized for capitulating to the Peruvian government by calling for a seize fire with the Peruvian government and giving up on the Peoples war. Past leaders of the CPP are also accused of sabotaging the Peoples war after the capture of Gonzalo, by assassinating other Party members who refused to give up on the arm struggle against the Peruvian government.