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Gary Webb: Do What He Did
Dammit, he was our
December 15, 2004
Please Distribute Widely
Dear Surviving Friend,
This essay appears on The Narcosphere, and awaits your comments, at:
We each and all have a lot of work to do to prevent the next one.
From somewhere in a country called América,
narconews [at] gmail.com
Gary Webb: Do What He Did
LACANDON JUNGLE, CHIAPAS, MEXICO, DECEMBER 15, 2004: I keep imagining the
last moments of Gary's life. He is looking down the barrel of a gun. His
eyes are puffy from the swell of too many tears. The moving van is coming to
his house near Sacramento, a place he never wanted to be in the first place,
to which he was exiled years ago for the crime of telling a powerful but
uncomfortable truth. Everyone he has ever trusted or loved has abandoned
him: By that I mean everyone, including you and me. What he is about to do
requires the utmost in courage: to pull the trigger and plunge into the
unknown, perhaps into nothingness, never to write or report or tell his
truth to the post-human mortals who couldn't handle his truth anyway.
The hand on the trigger at that moment - his - is not the first, nor is he
acting alone. Gary had to wait in line and take a number behind all those
who set his suicide in motion years ago. It was a miracle he didn't do this
back when San Jose Mercury News editor Jerry Ceppos, now 58 and vice
president of the Knight-Ridder news company, cocked the shotgun and pulled
the trigger on the most authentic journalistic career of the late 20th
Century. That was the day that the bullet flew out of the cartridge and, as
if in very slow motion, took years to reach Gary's head...
Gary never wrote with mere ink or pixels. Gary opened up a vein every time
he sat down to tell us a new truth and he signed his byline, always, in
blood. If you think that his suicide did not send as powerful a message as
the stories he investigated and penned in life, think again: Gary was The
Last North American Career Journalist. He presided over a transitional era
and his death marks the end of that era. Fellow and sister journalists: The
canary has died in the coal mine. Run out of that mine now, and seek
alternate routes to truth-telling. There is no longer room for us inside the
All over the world he is mourned today. The compañeros here in Chiapas came
to me last night. "You knew him. He worked for you. Did he ever come here?
Did he know about us?" As they peppered me with questions I retreated far
into myself. Time and space stopped, as it has before in this deep green
tropical jungle. I could see it - the bullet (two bullets say the coroner:
Gary was nothing if not thorough and persistent; imagine for a moment what
strength it took to get off the second round) off in the distance somewhere
over California, those bullets, the first one fired by that
traitor-to-journalism-and-truth Jerry Ceppos in San Jose, those bullets that
came out the other side of Gary's cranium in Sacramento last week and took a
southern turn toward me. And when they are done with me they will come for
you. I could see and hear them heading my way last night and so today I type
these words in a hurry so as to shoot back before my brains, too, are
splattered on the page of history.
To be an Authentic Journalist in 2004 is to be a soldier at war. When a hero
dies in battle first we must drape the coffin, sound the slow, sad bugle
song of Taps, and remember this great man who died fighting for all of us.
Among the soldiers I have known in my foxhole, there were none finer, more
effective in a firefight, than Gary. He was a god among insects, and a
particularly important god among gods (shortly before his death, Gary told
our colleague Bill Conroy that he had applied for a reporter's job at the
San Antonio Express-News and that the newspaper never even acknowledged his
application: In the immortal words of Jonathan Swift, "When a true genius
appears in the world, you may know him by this sign, that all the dunces are
in confederacy against him.")
In our own network of Authentic Journalists Gary was the leader of a certain
tendency: those who believe that a journalist reports the facts, only the
facts, and lets the chips fall where they may. The last time I saw him
face-to-face, alive, was on a rooftop in Isla Mujeres, Mexico, in February
2003, when he held the late (and also suicided) Abbie Hoffman's cane in hand
and his words rang out over the Caribbean and into the ears of our original
group of 50 journalists. His voice thundered: "A journalist is, by
definition, a revolutionary."
Gary had just agreed to take the helm of Narco News for six weeks so that I,
exhausted, could get some rest: really, he did this to help prevent my own
coming to that same final conclusion that Gary came to last week. He was to
work side by side with Luis Gómez, Dan Feder, and the rest of our
then-fledgling army of truth-tellers and steer the S.S. Narco News through
the next battles. I agreed to pay him a thousand dollars - a bargain! - for
this mission, and then he got on an airplane and headed back to Siberia, um,
I mean Sacramento.
Three weeks passed and Gary had not yet begun with Narco News. I spoke with
him various times on the telephone. He cited "relationship problems" which
had besieged him upon his return to California. After those three weeks when
Narco News was dark and mute, we had another conversation and agreed that
this was not his hour to lead the project. I agreed to pay him the thousand
bucks anyway, because in my world your word is your bond, especially in the
business of truth-telling, where great writers like Gary are more often
abused and ripped-off by editors and publishers than not.
As an example of how a journalist today is a soldier at war and often
suffers a kind of post-trauma from the abuse at the hands of the Jerry
Cepposes of the industry, Gary contacted me the following week, accusing me
of breaking my word; of having not wired him the money I had promised him. I
checked with my treasurer who said she had indeed wired the money as soon as
I ordered it. We got on the phone with Gary's bank. After some back and
forth Gary sent me an email apologizing for the confusion: the money had
been deposited in his savings account instead of his checking account.
Another small problem had been solved, but the memory of the kind of
post-traumatic stress that a journalist in Gringolandia suffers stayed with
me. It caused me to remember that prior to ducking South of the Border in
1997, I, too, had grown accustomed to being ripped off in every deal with an
industry driven not by truth but by capital.
The last time I heard from Gary was in July 2004. He had contacted Luis
Gómez in Bolivia, confessing that he wanted to attend the Narco News
J-School again at the end of that month, but had lost his job and didn't
have the money to attend. I contacted Gary and offered to pay his room, his
board, and his roundtrip flight from Miami to Cochabamba if he could cover
the costs of getting to and from Miami. He agreed. A week or so prior to the
beginning of school he contacted me again, to say that a roundtrip ticket
Sacramento to Miami would cost him $430 and could I cover half of it? Money
was already scarce (I would take a ten thousand dollar bath, out of my own
pocket, from this year's J-School when all was said and done). I researched
other options: If he flew from San Francisco the cost would have been half
of the cost from Sacramento. A Greyhound bus would be about twenty bucks for
the three-hour trip: would he be willing to do that? Gary didn't respond
immediately. I should have, in retrospect, considered that a danger sign. I
asked Gómez to contact him, find out what was going on. In the end, Gary
said he couldn't attend the J-School.
Hindsight is 20-20, especially when it regards the suicide of a friend.
Today I kick and recriminate myself: I should have done more to insist that
he get to Bolivia. I should have done more to make it possible. If he had
made it to Bolivia would his life have taken a better turn in recent months?
Could that have prevented, or delayed, his death at 49? It very well could
have. I let him down. And in doing so, I lost a Most Valuable Player on this
team, a friend, and a hero.
When a friend commits the final act, we tend to say to ourselves: But why
didn't he reach out for help? How come he never said anything to me? In this
case, I was only seven hours away from him when he pulled that trigger. He
had no way of knowing that, but I was there, on the West Coast, behind enemy
lines for a week. I could have taken him by the hand and led him to a
happier country, to a place where authoritarian flames are not rising up
into the dark night, where people are still human, where relationships are
not so twisted by capital and its discontents, and where mediocrity is not
the rule. He could have thrived down here. I kick myself three times again.
If only he had come down here. If only he had asked for help. If only. if,
I know, kind reader, you are thinking similar thoughts. If only! If only!
Why didn't he tell us? Why did he have to die alone?
Well, listen the fuck up, everybody. Especially those of you from the
J-School who shared this network with Gary and me and scores of others:
Society doesn't allow us to talk about suicide. Fuck society. I'm going to
talk about it now.
Have you ever told a friend that you were thinking of killing yourself? Do
you know what happens when you do? You will be told, "get a therapist." You
will be accused of blackmail. People will view it as "not normal," and look
for easy answers: substance abuse? Mental "disorders"? What does the DSM-IV
book have to say in diagnosing you? The great majority of people panic at
the mere suggestion of suicide: They want to wash their hands of your pain,
and turn you over to the psychiatric "authorities." If you confess suicidal
ideations in the United States, you can be committed to an asylum against
your will. You can't trust anybody. And that, of course, compounds your
sense of isolation, the sad understanding that nobody, absolutely nobody, is
there for you or cares enough to help as you define the exact help you seek.
The moment you confess you are thinking of suicide, you become an enemy to
the illusions of peace of mind that others cling to desperately.
I know something about suicide. It is never a solitary crime. As Antonin
Artaud once wrote about Vincent Van Gogh taking his own life: "Van Gogh was
suicided by society." I know a lot about suicide and the kind of people who
choose it. Gary is not the first, nor, I fear, the last, friend and
colleague to apparently choose that route. And nothing can be done to bring
him back. But wake the fuck up and look around you. In this network, I know
at least two journalists who have been seriously considering suicide in
recent weeks. They've gone beyond mere "ideations" to having an actual plan.
Ironically, both have chosen the same route Gary chose: A gunshot to the
head. They have each figured out how to get the gun. They have a plan that
will work if they choose it. And I have spent much of the past two months
trying to talk them both down from the ledge.
Yes, motherfuckers, I know something about suicide. I have thought about it
every day since I was 23 years old, when I began to see my pal Abbie slip
into his depths. Twenty-one years is a long time to decide each day not to
kill myself. I have made the decision thousands of times. So far, the coin
has not once flipped tails.
Suicide is always an alteration of the social order; an assault on "normal"
life, whatever that is, and the assumptions that prop up the big lies that
deform our cultures. A suicide is insupportable for those who live careful,
comfortable and cowardly lives although they, on some level, also detest
things as they are. Suicide, when committed by the courageous, is a form of
speech, a protest, as much as that of the self-immolating monks of Vietnam
or the suicide bombers of postmodern times.
In 1989, my mentor Abbie Hoffman, knowledgeable in pharmacology, downed 120
phenobarbitols with a glass of Glen Livet, a dosage that would stop the
beating heart of any man or woman. A lot of people still don't believe it.
That Abbie would kill himself fucks with their views of "reality." But I
tell you: He did it! He left a fucking note! Just because the note was so
private and personal that you've never seen it (and probably never will)
can't be the pretext to disbelieve. Believe it, kids. Abbie, like Gary,
dedicated his life to telling the truth. That is the common factor in every
fallen comrade I have known who made that final choice: to be a truth-seeker
and truth-teller and to love intensely among a society of liars and
deceivers unworthy of our love.
Let me tell you about some other lost friends of mine. Ellen Frank was a
brilliant writer in Greenfield, Massachusetts. Ellen, like Gary, dedicated
her life to telling the truth. The anti-nuclear movement of the 1970s would
not have been as strong without her. She had written for the New York Times
and other large publications as a freelancer. Her final published piece was
an homage, published in The Nation, to her late childhood friend Gilda
Radner who died of breast cancer. One fine New England day Ellen drove her
car to a place where nobody would likely see it. She connected a hose to the
exhaust pipe, stuck it in the rolled up car window, and sat there, behind
the steering wheel, until she drifted into her final sleep.
Jeff Buckley was a singer-songwriter with a voice of five octaves and the
big heart of an authentic revolutionary. Jeff, like Gary, dedicated his life
to telling the truth. His death by drowning in the Mississippi River in 1997
was pronounced "accidental." Don't believe it! I was one of the last humans
to see Jeff in New York City, on his way to the airport, to Memphis, where
he was late in recording an album for Sony. The music company had fucked
with him and his ability to tell the truth as he saw it. They wouldn't let
him choose his own producer. They imposed one on him: wanting to exploit his
talent commercially, in violation of Jeff's own vision. Some months later,
on the night before he was to begin recording at the gunpoint of a contract
with Sony, as his bandmates were arriving by airplane, Jeff, drunk on wine,
on the banks of the river where signs shout that the currents are dangerous
and do not swim there, Jeff entered the river with his boots on: With his
fucking boots on! He was last heard singing "Wanna whole lotta love" and
then he sung no more.
Gary Reiter was my doctor when I lived in Gringolandia. A former Deadhead,
he was in the closet about his psychedelic experiences. He lived in fear of
losing his medical license. In fact, a mutual friend told me, he had
problems with the medical board of overseers and was at risk of losing it
all. His marriage fell apart in one of those ways that emasculates a man's
sense of his very self, and this man who had saved so many lives as a healer
could not save his own. Like Abbie, like Ellen, like Jeff, like his tocayo
Webb, he lived and loved with a special intensity. He was not a journalist.
But he loved people with the same intensity as any revolutionary and
humanist. Last year, I learned from a mutual friend, that with surgical
precision my doctor took a knife to his own flesh and cut himself down.
I could go on and on - "all the friends I ever had are gone" - but I want to
get to my point: In every single one of these cases their deaths were
preceded by a combination of economic troubles and isolation from the ones
they loved, who could not find the support or community to be able to love
somebody as intense as a hero.
Do you want to know how to kill an Authentic Journalist or a revolutionary?
Do you want to know how to provoke a truth-seeker and truth-teller into
taking his or her own life? Play a con game on him and her: that's how. Tell
her you love her. Tell him you love him. Tell him and her that you're
different than all the dishonest people out there. Take the steps to show
him and her that you are different, that you are like him and her, a
truth-seeker and truth-teller. Get him or her to drop his or her guard, to
open up. He or she will love you more intensely and generously than you have
ever known. There is nothing he or she won't do for you, so happy to feel,
for the first time in probably a long time, that he is loved, that she is
not alone. And then, when he or she are at their softest and most tender
point, lightly drop the hint that it's all been a lie. Reveal that you have
successfully deceived him or her, in the very exact ways that you promised
him or her with gooey eyes and poetic tones that you would never, ever, do
to him or her.
Wanna see a truth-teller blow his or her brains out like Gary did, like at
least two good journalist friends of mine are contemplating right now? Gain
his and her trust, and then pull the trigger of deception: Make him and her
doubt his and her own prowess as a truth-detector. Remind him and her that
they are freaks of nature: truth-tellers in a world of liars, and that you
are so smart - aren't you cute and proud of yourself? - that you alone were
able to deceive him and her.
That's the first part: The suicides I have known have almost all been about
love promised and not delivered. Let me be very clear: It is not the fault
of the lover who could not love him or her enough. It is the fault of the
entire community and culture for being unable and unwilling to support
revolutionary love. The suicides I have known have mostly been in
Gringolandia, where there is no support for love, where "the problem club"
recruits daily, where the "self help" and addictionology industries prey on
weak gringo minds selling the bullshit that a human being is a nation-state,
that the human has "borders" or "boundaries" and has to "set those
boundaries." The "professionals" who peddle those inhuman theories have
their fingers on the trigger, too.
There, in the United States, where, red state or blue state, it's the same
fucking fascism of cars and auto insurance, of illness and health insurance,
of jobs at alienated labor, of "educations" that teach nothing except what
must later be unlearned, or of unemployment, ignorance, illness,
homelessness or prison, it is forbidden to love a revolutionary. If you do,
if you are sincere at it, you will receive no support from your "friends" or
"community." If you love someone like Gary, like Abbie, like Ellen, like
Jeff, someone intense and truth-telling and truth-seeking, you, too, will
become isolated. You cannot find support. He or she is too overwhelming for
you to handle by yourself, but nobody will help you. In fact, they may
hypocritically blame you after he or she has checked out. They. the people
who are really to blame, will turn on you for having followed their advice,
and they will blame you. Think about that.
A hero simply loves more and gives more than an ordinary man or woman: and
so do those who choose to love him and her while suffering the slings and
arrows of the problem club and the jealous non-support of the slow class all
around them. That's the first part of the story.
But there is a second part, beyond the impossibility of loving a true
revolutionary under capitalism. There is something else that assures a
suicide when combined with deception and it is very much related to
capitalism: The person looking down the barrel of the gun must lose his or
her sense of place. That usually happens economically: the loss of a job or
income, the loss of a home. Did the press reports say that moving men found
Gary Webb's note on the door? Moving men? Is this adding up for you yet,
Of the two journalists I know who are standing at the ledge today,
contemplating the leap into the abyss, they still have their homes (although
one is afraid to be alone there, an indication of being close to committing
the act). They still have the money to get them to next month's rent, but
the money is running out. And so the hourglass is emptying, the sand is
pouring down. They talk each other down off the ledge because nobody else
will allow them to speak of the unspeakable act that awaits them, that
awaited Gary and so many other truth-tellers.
So, here's my advice for you if you worry that another truth-teller is about
to bite down on the gun barrel: don't you dare tell him or her to get a
therapist. For all you know, he or she already has one but can't even tell
you that because it will harm your faith in him or her, and cause society to
paint him or her as a freak. Don't do it. Therapists lose patients, too.
Just ask one. They don't have the answers. Those who tell you they do are
dangerous. Chances are that your suicidal friend has thought about turning
himself or herself in to the therapeutic authorities already and have their
own reasons for either doing it or not doing it.
So what can you do? Well, what could we have done for Gary? Just two things:
Send him money or give him love and attention as he defines his desires: not
as you define "what is good for him or her," but as he or she defines it.
The death of Gary brings our network of journalists into crisis. We were not
there for him. We did not know how to be there for him. I failed. And so did
you. Gary, it's true, failed to ask for help, but remember also that Gary
and Gary alone kept himself on the playing field since the day that
corporate bitch Jerry Ceppos pulled the trigger. Through sheer force of his
own strong character, Gary lived to fight almost another decade, but not
I ask the compañeros here in Chiapas - they loved Gary, too - what I should
do now: What can be done? I can't bring Gary back and neither can you. Not
even the compañeros, with all the revolutionary magic and ancient knowledge
they can muster, can bring back Gary Webb: although they could have, as they
brought me back seven years ago, if only we and I had cared enough about
Gary to drag him by the hand to them, to have been alert that when he lost
his job he was at risk, to have paid enough attention to have seen him
sinking toward the grave, to have supported anybody who still loved him
intimately to be able to stick with him, to have raised him the money so
that he would not have lost his sense of place.
The compañeros gave me the answer to my question. What to do about the early
death of Gary Webb? Their answer was so simple, so clear, that I kick myself
for not having realized it immediately.
The answer: "Do what he did. Do what Gary would have done today if he were
In other words, Gary's final words to the J-School also bring the answer: "A
journalist is, by definition, a revolutionary." Do what Gary did: Authentic
I know some Authentic Journalists who are Authentic Revolutionaries who, as
I have been buried in my own problems, I have not paid enough attention to
their problems. And neither have you. At least a dozen of them are at the
same high risk that Gary was at in recent months. They need money. They need
a sense of place. And they need love as they define it. And those who love
them, if they have anyone, need support, because the most courageous thing
that a human being can do is to be willing to love a revolutionary who loves
too intensely for most mortals to handle.
I am going to walk back into the jungle now, to the place where in 1988 I
found my vocation as a writer, and the place to where I returned some years
ago to fulfill my destiny as a revolutionary. And while there, I will take
inventory of every Authentic Journalist that I still want to be part of this
project and network. Some have frankly already proved unworthy or dishonest
and I will weed those I cannot forgive from my revolutionary garden: The
network of truth-seekers and truth-tellers is only as honest as its most
dishonest link. The rest of you, I will try to bring in closer. And for the
rest of this year, I will be contacting you one by one, to start anew, with
Gary's memory walking by our side.
In the meantime, to all the Authentic Journalists in this network, I insist:
If you find yourself where Gary found himself, contemplating and planning
your early check-out from this miserable species of liars, contact me
immediately. I will not tell you to "get a therapist." I will not have you
committed to an institution. I will not pathologize your pain. I'm not a
gringo anymore, not in that way anyway. I spit on that culture now. It's no
longer just the government or economic system of that country to which I
pledge my eternal hatred: It is the culture itself that must be destroyed
and replaced. And Authentic Journalism gives us the tools to do just that.
If you are an Authentic Journalist, we need you now more than ever.
Authentic Journalist: If you need money or a place to stand on this earth, I
will do my best to help you find it. I've raised money before and soon I
will raise it again. Nobody in this network goes hungry or homeless anymore.
Got it? We can forgive ourselves for Gary's death, but now, having received
his last desperate message from the isolated place where we allowed him to
be cast adrift, we will not be able to forgive ourselves for the next one.
Likewise, if you love any member of my family of Authentic Journalists, but
don't know how to love him or her, or want support, mi email box es tu email
box. It bothers me, today, that I don't know the name of anyone who was that
close to Gary. Being there for him would have meant being there for anyone
who he let inside his beautiful, romantic, truth-telling vision for
humankind. To you, I apologize for not having seen this one coming. To those
of you who similarly love my "kids" or my surviving professors, my door is
open. You are not alone.
If you don't know what to do without Gary here, listen to the compañeros: Do
what he did. Do Authentic Journalism. Put all the other bullshit matters
aside and just do it. Don't wait for orders from headquarters or permission
from me. Use the Narcosphere to publish it yourself. If you don't know how,
ask Dan Feder - webmaster [at] narconews.com - or Andrew Grice -
info [at] authenticjournalism.org - how to do it, or how, if you are not a
journalist, ask them how you can help those who are.
Gary has delivered us a wake up call.
Wake the fuck up.
Gary Webb is gone, poof! Nothin's gonna bring him back. I can't fucking take
it. But I have to take it. And in order to keep from blowing my own brains
out, I'm going to make some changes around here. I may have to cut some of
you from the roster: If you've betrayed me or this project, if you've
accepted our camaraderie and generosity, and have promised but not
delivered, or if I have caught you in a big lie, self-proclaimed
truth-teller, either wise up and explain to me why I should ever trust you
again, or start packing your bags and stay far away from me and from this
project. I repeat: a network based on honesty is only as strong as its most
dishonest link. I'm not going to play with colleagues who don't give and
keep their word anymore. Most of you have nothing to worry about. Those who
do - you probably know who you are - have precious few days left to change
course or be left behind.
I'm going back into the jungle now, where I have a sense of place, where I
am loved as I wish to be loved, and when I return it will be with the
beginnings of a plan for how the Authentic Journalism renaissance can
continue without Gary, but also with Gary more present, through his memory,
than we were able to have him present before.
In the meantime, put the weekend of May 1, 2005 on your calendar: That is
when, by invitation, we will meet for a weekend of remembering Gary Webb,
his work, and his legacy, in Puerto Escondido, Mexico, a place that Gary
once told me was his favorite beach on earth because he could body surf
there without a surfboard. Gary didn't need a surfboard. Dammit, he was our
surfboard. He carried us through the first wave and kept us all from
plunging into the undertow. Now, we must surf this dangerous sea of lies and
liars without him. The next wave is coming.
Gary Webb: Do what he did.
Or offer more support to those who do.