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Iraq | International | Anti-War

Najaf Standoff Ends
by Hamad Jazeeri
Friday Aug 27th, 2004 4:20 PM
US forces out of Najaf as thousands of Shia flood the mosque of Imam Ali. Thousands dead from the past few weeks of US bombing. Imam al Sistani is given control of the Mosque of Imam Ali. Some militants keep their weapons, leery of those who have collaborated with the US "It (al-Mahdi Army) includes honourable fighters from the Iraqi people who have been fighting to defend their country, land, sanctuaries and doctrine," Is how the al Mahdi militants have been described. Needless to say the defense of the homeland in Iraq is very strong and does not appear to be weakening any time soon, much to the dismay of the Anglo-American Invaders.
UNajaf standoff ends


Friday 27 August 2004, 21:07 Makka Time, 18:07 GMT

US occupation forces are to withdraw from the city
A deal to end a bloody standoff in Najaf appears to take hold as thousands of Iraqi Shia pour into the Imam Ali mosque and militiamen loyal to Muqtada al-Sadr begin to withdraw.


The emotional chanting crowds, mostly supporters of senior Shia leader Ayat Allah Ali al-Sistani, were let in Friday morning by al-Mahdi Army fighters, who have resisted a siege by US-led forces for the past three weeks.

Later, many formerly besieged militiamen laid down their arms and melted away, and Iraqi police entered the mosque.

Representatives of al-Sistani say they have reached an agreement last night with aides of al-Sadr to take over the highly revered religious site from the latter's militia.

"We have passed three-fourths of the way and we are at an agreement that retains the honour of all those involved," a senior al-Sistani spokesman, Hamid al-Khafaf, told Aljazeera.

"There is full agreement among all the parties, and the doors will never be closed in the face of a settlement," al-Khafaf said.

"There is full agreement among all the parties"

Hamid al-Khafaf,
al-Sistani spokesman

The deal appears to pave the way for al-Sadr's movement to join the US-backed political establishment in Baghdad – an extraordinary turnaround for the Shia leader, who has been fighting US-led forces and demanding the removal of the government and all occupation troops.

Clashes in Najaf - marked by heavy US bombardment of the area around the Imam Ali mosque - and in neighbouring Kufa have left hundreds dead including scores of civilians in recent weeks.

Withdrawal

Following an announcement that al-Sadr had ordered them to disarm, al-Mahdi Army fighters began throwing their guns into woodern carts around the mosque, slipped out of their black uniforms and into civilian clothing.


Some militiamen have disarmed
but others keep their weapons


But elsewhere in Najaf, many militiamen refused to give up their arms and reportedly carried them away to store in safe houses.

Interim Prime Minister Iyyad Allawi had offered an amnesty to the fighters, coinciding with al-Sistani's dramatic arrival in the battle-ravaged city, on Thursday afternoon.

The Iraqi government said early on Friday al-Sadr would not be arrested - despite his armed challenge to its authority and outstanding warrants for his arrest.

The whereabouts of al-Sadr himself, who has been offered safe passage out of Najaf by Allawi, remain unclear and no direct word from him has been heard.

Peace accord

Al-Sistani reportedly persuaded al-Sadr late on Thursday to accept a deal ending the fighting in Najaf. The accord would demilitarise Najaf and neighbouring Kufa, with both US-led troops and al-Mahdi Army fighters withdrawing on Friday.


The mosque has been placed
under Shia authorities' control

The revered Imam Ali mosque – focus of the battle between the al-Mahdi Army and US-led air and ground forces – will be placed under the stewardship of Iraq's most senior Shia Muslim religious authorities, headed by Iranian-born cleric al-Sistani.

Al-Sistani, who left for London to receive medical treatment just as the Najaf fighting erupted last month, returned to Iraq on Wednesday. Under British and Iraqi government escort, he led a convoy of followers into Najaf on Thursday to broker a peace agreement.

But the refusal so far of the al-Mahdi Army to disarm and disband accross the country remains a potential stumbling block.

If it succeeds, the accord will end a serious challenge to the authority of Allawi's fledgling government, which continues to battle resistance elsewhere in the country and is struggling to maintain vital oil exports.

'Not an army'

In an interview with Aljazeera, Shaikh Yusuf al-Nasri, head of public relations of al-Sadr's office in Baghdad said: "Al-Mahdi army must not be explained as an army."

"It (al-Mahdi Army) includes honourable fighters from the Iraqi people who have been fighting to defend their country, land, sanctuaries and doctrine," added al-Nasri.

"(Al-Mahdi army's) arms are merely light and personal ones and there is no need to give attention to handover"

Shaikh Yusuf al-Nasri,
Head of public relations of al-Sadr's office in Baghdad

He went on to say that al-Mahdi army fighters are scientists, physicians, lawyers, workers and farmers.

"This army does not have military camps or arsenals. It is ideologically known as al-Mahdi army but in reality it is not an army like other armies," he said.

'Holy war'

"There is nothing called arms. From the very beginning, al-Mahdi army has waged a holy war against the occupiers. They do not possess weapons like those found in armies.They are the sons of Iraq. They fight by using their personal weapons."

Commenting on the latest accord, al-Nasri said: "The arms are merely light and personal ones and there is no need to give attention to the disarming issue."

But Dr Mazin al-Samrrai, a member of the Political Bureau of the Iraqi National Accord (INA) is not convinced of al-Nasri's description of al-Mahdi army.

"I have some doubts about Shaikh Al-Nasri's assertion that al-Mahdi Army is composed of Iraqi national elements who seek the interests of Iraq. In any case, I would be honoured to be part of such movement," al-Samrrai told Aljazeera.