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CHP Vehicle Impoundments Disproportionately Impacted Latinos in Fresno County
FRESNO – On August 14 the ACLU of California (ACLU) and the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) released a report (see PDF) confirming the Latino community’s experience of being targeted for suspected unlicensed driving by California Highway Patrol (CHP) officers in Fresno County, with two officers being largely responsible for the racially disparate impact.
In 2012, community members from Caruthers, California contacted the ACLU and AFSC because CHP officers were stopping Latino residents for little or no reason and impounding cars at alarming rates. Upon reviewing records of citations issued by CHP in 2012 in Fresno County, the ACLU-CA and AFSC concluded that Latinos were issued citations and had their cars impounded by CHP officers in a racially disproportionate manner.
“The data supports community experience: members of the Latino community had their cars impounded much more frequently and under circumstances that suggested racial profiling,” stated Myrna Martinez Natares, Program Director with AFSC.
Latinos comprise roughly 50% of Fresno County’s population but were issued 89% of the citations for driving without a license that resulted in car impoundment. Meanwhile, non-Latinos were almost twice as likely as Latinos to keep their cars – rather than lose them to impoundment – when cited for driving without a license.
On one occasion, a young father was cited for “obstructing” traffic because he was driving too slowly and had his car impounded. He, his wife, and his two-week-old baby were left on the side on the road in 100 degree heat even after telling the CHP officer that they had no way of getting home.
The organizations also discovered that two particular officers were primarily responsible for the disparity. Those two officers issued 69% of all the citations for driving without a license that resulted in car impoundment in 2012. One of the officers issued 5 citations in 3 hours, when the average number of citations for the remaining 56 CHP officers was 4 for the entire year.
“Although two officers represent isolated problems within CHP and we have heard reports from the community that things have improved in Caruthers, we hope CHP and other law enforcement departments recognize the harm one or two bad officers can cause and take proactive steps to prevent similar problems elsewhere,” stated Julia Harumi Mass, Senior Staff Attorney with the ACLU of Northern California.
In their report, the ACLU-CA and AFSC call on CHP and other law enforcement agencies throughout the state to make formal policy changes to eliminate and prevent the racially disparate treatment of community members. These include:
* A self-audit to guard against racial profiling and abusive car impoundment practices;
* Training officers that it is against California law to stop a driver to determine if he or she is unlicensed;
* Suspending 30-day impounds while awaiting the implementation of California’s new driver’s license law, AB 60: “The Safe and Responsible Driver Act.”
A copy of the report can be found online here: http://www.aclunc.org/sites/default/files/caruthers_chp_case_study.pdf
A copy of the letter sent to CHP in 2012 can be found online here: http://www.aclunc.org/sites/default/files/chp_letter.pdf
A copy of CHP’s response can be found online here: http://www.aclunc.org/sites/default/files/20130409_chp_letter_aclu.pdf
August 14, 2014
ACLU of Northern California